See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note the difference in the upper right component between Chinese, where it resembles (half of , ), and Japanese, where it is rather .

Han characterEdit

(radical 108 +9 in Chinese, 皿+10 in Japanese, in Chinese 14 strokes, in Japanese 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈月廿 (SIBT) or 尸一月廿 (SMBT), four-corner 78107, composition ⿱⿰𠂉)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 796, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1210, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2566, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+76E3

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + . Note the replacements / and .

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
/t͡ɕiɑŋ³⁵/ ~督
Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
Suzhou /ke̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ka³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³¹/
/kɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kam⁵³/
Nanning /kam⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kam⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵⁵/
/kã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kam³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²³/ ~獄
/kam³⁵/ ~察

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (149) (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠam/ /kˠamH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚam/ /kᵚamH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kam/ /kamH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨm/ /kaɨmH/
Li
Rong
/kam/ /kamH/
Wang
Li
/kam/ /kamH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kam/ /kamH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæm › ‹ kæmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤram/ /*kˤram-s/
English inspect mirror

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6103 6106
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːm/ /*kraːms/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to supervise, to control, to direct

Pronunciation 2Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
/t͡ɕiɑŋ³⁵/ ~督
Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
Suzhou /ke̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ka³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³¹/
/kɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kam⁵³/
Nanning /kam⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kam⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵⁵/
/kã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kam³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²³/ ~獄
/kam³⁵/ ~察

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (149) (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠam/ /kˠamH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚam/ /kᵚamH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kam/ /kamH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨm/ /kaɨmH/
Li
Rong
/kam/ /kamH/
Wang
Li
/kam/ /kamH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kam/ /kamH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæm › ‹ kæmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤram/ /*kˤram-s/
English inspect mirror

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6103 6106
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːm/ /*kraːms/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. imperial office

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giam, giám, giớm, giợm, róm, giấm, lổm, ram, rướm, xám)

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