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See also:
U+76E3, 監
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76E3

[U+76E2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76E4]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note the difference in the upper right component between Chinese, where it resembles (half of , ), and Japanese, where it is rather .

Han characterEdit

(radical 108, +9 in Chinese, 皿+10 in Japanese, 14 strokes in Chinese, 15 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 尸戈月廿 (SIBT) or 尸一月廿 (SMBT), four-corner 78107, composition ⿱⿰𠂉)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 796, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1210, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2566, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+76E3

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *ɡ·raːms
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *qʰlaːms
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ, *ɡ·raːms, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *kʰlaːms, *qʰlaːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms
*kraːm, *kraːms
*kraːm
*kraːm, *kraːms, *kraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ, *ɡraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·lam, *ɡ·lams

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + . Note the migration of the dot from to a third stroke of /.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • kaⁿ - vernacular;
  • kam/kàm - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕian²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiã²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕien³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
    /t͡ɕiɑŋ³⁵/ ~督
    Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
    Suzhou /ke̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ka³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³¹/
    /kɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kan⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kan⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kam⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kɑm⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kam⁵³/
    Nanning /kam⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kam⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵⁵/
    /kã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kam³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²³/ ~獄
    /kam³⁵/ ~察

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (149)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠam/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚam/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kam/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨm/
    Li
    Rong
    /kam/
    Wang
    Li
    /kam/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kam/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæm ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁram/
    English inspect

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6103
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːm/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to supervise; to oversee
    2. (historical) proctor; supervisor
    3. to control; to take charge; to direct
    4. (historical, of crown prince or senior statesman) to act for the monarch
    5. (historical) dukes or princes under an emperor
    6. to imprison; to incarcerate
    7. prison; jail; gaol
    8. to command; to lead

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (149)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠamH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚamH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kamH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨmH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kamH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kamH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kamH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæmH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁram-s/
    English mirror

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6106
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːms/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to reflect; to see
    2. Alternative form of (jiàn, “mirror”).
    3. to use for reference; to draw lessons from
    4. (historical) supervisor; overseer
    5. (historical) imperial office
    6. (historical) eunuch

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. oversee
    2. bureaucrat
    3. government agency or office
    4. manage
    5. control or own

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bol gam))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (giam, giám, giớm, giợm, róm, giấm, lổm, ram, rướm, xám)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.