JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/wepu//wefu//jefu/ → */jewu/ → */jowu//jou/

Shift from classical verb 酔ふ (efu → eu), possibly parsed as jefu, itself from Old Japanese 酔ふ (wepu → wefu → eu).[1][2]

Compare the development of (efu → yō, leaf, on-yomi or Chinese-derived reading).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "酔う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
酔う [yóꜜù]
Imperative (命令形) 酔え [yóꜜè]
Key constructions
Passive 酔われる われ [yòwáréꜜrù]
Causative 酔わせる わせ [yòwáséꜜrù]
Potential 酔える [yòéꜜrù]
Volitional 酔おう [yòóꜜò]
Negative 酔わない ない [yòwáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 酔わなかった なかった [yòwáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 酔います いま [yòímáꜜsù]
Perfective 酔った った [yóꜜttà]
Conjunctive 酔って って [yóꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 酔えば えば [yóꜜèbà]

VerbEdit

() (youintransitive godan (stem () (yoi), past ()った (yotta), kyūjitai 醉う, historical kana よふ)

  1. to get drunk, become intoxicated or inebriated, fall under the influence of alcohol
    (さけ)()って(あば)れる
    sake ni yotte abareru
    to get drunk and become violent
    Synonyms: 酩酊する (meitei suru), 酔いが回る (yoi ga mawaru), 酔っ払う (yopparau)
  2. (figuratively) to become drunk or intoxicated (exhilarated) by something
    ()(けい)()
    yokei ni you
    to get lost in the night scene
  3. to get motion sickness (as in carsick, airsick, seasick, etc.)
    ()(もの)()
    norimono ni you
    to get motion-sick on a vehicle
  4. to get addicted
    Synonym: 中毒する (chūdoku suru)
  5. (archaic) to get poisoned (from eating meat or fish)
    Synonym: 中毒する (chūdoku suru)
  6. (archaic) to get distracted by charm
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Regular development of wepu. In the colloquial language, wepu developed into you, so eu is now only used in reading ancient texts.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

() (eu (historical kana ゑふ)

  1. Synonym of 酔う (you, to get drunk)
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN