See also: 彳亍
U+884C, 行
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-884C

[U+884B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+884D]
U+2F8F, ⾏
KANGXI RADICAL WALK ENCLOSURE

[U+2F8E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F90]
U+FA08, 行
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA08

[U+FA07]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA09]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 144, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹人一一弓 (HOMMN), four-corner 21221, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #144, .

Usage notesEdit

行 itself is also used as a radical (in addition to ); unusually for radicals, the phonetic is placed in the middle – with 彳 on the left and 亍 on the right – corresponding to the phonetic originally being placed at the middle of the intersection.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1570, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 811, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+884C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script
                 

Pictogram (象形) – a street intersection.

Originally symmetric, it has been simplified asymmetrically; the left half is widely used as a radical, while the right half finds occasional use, and the character can be broken up as + , though originally it was not a compound.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • haang4 - vernacular;
  • hang4 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Note:
    • hen2 - vernacular (e.g. 行時);
    • xin4 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Note: Sixian - hèn - used in 行李.
    Note:
    • giǎng - vernacular;
    • ǎing - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • giàng - vernacular;
    • hèng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kiâⁿ - vernacular;
    • hêng - literary.
    Note:
    • gian5 - vernacular;
    • hêng5 - literary (used in 行李).
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3hhan - vernacular;
    • 3hhin - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
    /ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
    Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
    /ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
    Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
    /ɕĩ¹/ ~為
    Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
    /xe⁴⁴/ ~動
    Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
    /hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
    Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
    /hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
    Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
    /o³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    héng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xíng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ˁraŋ/
    English walk (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/4
    No. 13867
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡraːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or dialectal) to walk
    2. (Cantonese) to navigate
      落咗車 [Cantonese, trad.]
      落咗车 [Cantonese, simp.]
      lok6 zo2 ce1 zi1 hau6 dim2 haang4 aa3? [Jyutping]
      What do I do after I get off?
    3. to go; to move
    4. to carry out; to execute
    5. to perform (a salute)
    6. OK; good
      這麼 / 这么  ―  Xíng, jiù zhème dìng le.  ―  OK, it's a deal.
    7. to be good; to work
      覺得方法 / 觉得方法  ―  Wǒ juéde zhè fāngfǎ xíng.  ―  I think this will work.
    8. to be good (opposed to bad) (usually in negative sentences, or with )
      成績 / 成绩  ―  Wǒ chéngjì bù xíng.  ―  I have bad grades.
    9. to be able to do something (usually mentioned before)
    10. (often sarcastic) remarkable
        ―  Nǐ zhēn xíng.  ―  You are really something.
      可還 / 可还  ―  kěháixíng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    Usage notesEdit

    Notice that when meaning “be able to do something”, can only be used without a complement. This is different from (néng, “to be able to (do something)”).

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • òng - vernacular;
    • hòng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
    /ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
    Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
    /ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
    Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
    /ɕĩ¹/ ~為
    Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
    /xe⁴⁴/ ~動
    Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
    /hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
    Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
    /hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
    Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
    /o³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    háng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    háng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁaŋ/
    English rank, row

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 13864
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. profession; industry; trade; business
    2. place for specific transaction
      /   ―  yínháng  ―  bank [lit. money store]
      珠寶 / 珠宝  ―  zhūbǎoháng  ―  jewellery store
    3. line of objects; row
    4. (Mainland China) row (in data tables)
      Synonym: (liè(Taiwan)
    5. (Taiwan) column (in data tables)
      Synonym: (liè(Mainland China)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ぎょう) (gyō)
    • Korean: (, hang)
    • Vietnamese: hàng ()

    Others:

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠæŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚaŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣaŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xíng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hængH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁraŋ-s/
    English action

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 13876
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡraːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. behaviour; conduct

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 4Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠæŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚaŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣaŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɐŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xíng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hængH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁraŋ-s/
    English action

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 13876
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡraːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. skill from monk training
        ―  dàohéng  ―  monk training

    Pronunciation 5Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/4
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hàng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    No. 13866
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. order; rank
    2. Used in 行行 (“bold; staunch; strong”).
    3. Used in 樹行子树行子 (“row of trees”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょう
    Grade: 2
    kan’yōon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    The kan'yōon pronunciation, possibly influenced by the goon pronunciation below.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ぎょう) (gyō (historical kana ぎやう)

    1. a line of text
    2. (mathematics) a row of a matrix
    3. (calligraphy) Abbreviation of 行書 (semi-cursive script).

    SuffixEdit

    (ぎょう) (-gyō

    1. a row (vertical line) in the gojūon table, which consists of kanas that have or historically have a same consonant
      (ぎょう)(だん)
      sa-gyō u-dan
      row sa, section u (of consonant /s/ and vowel /u/)
    Coordinate termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ぎょう
    Grade: 2
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    The goon pronunciation, so likely an earlier borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ぎょう) (gyō (historical kana ぎやう)

    1. (Buddhism) saṅkhāra: formations, mental activity; one of the 五蘊 (goun, five skandhas)
    2. (Buddhism) caryā‎: austerities; practice or discipline for enlightenment (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    3. (Buddhism) gamana: manner of going forward or walking (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    4. (by extension, rare) going, travelling
    Usage notesEdit

    The "going, travelling" definition is superseded by こう below.

    SynonymsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ぎょう) (Gyō

    1. A surname​.
    2. A unisex given name

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    こう
    Grade: 2
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ, ɦˠæŋ, ɦɑŋH, ɦˠæŋH). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely the later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (こう) ( (historical kana かう)

    1. going; travelling (UK), traveling (US)
    2. type of classical Chinese verse (usually an epic)
    3. (archaic) merchant's association; guild
    4. bank (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    Proper nounEdit

    (こう) (

    1. A unisex given name

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あん
    Grade: 2
    tōon

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    AffixEdit

    (あん) (an

    1. journey; travel
    2. carry around

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    くだり
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with 下り (kudari, downward-going).[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (くだり) (kudari

    1. vertical row
    2. vertical line

    SuffixEdit

    (くだり) (-kudari

    1. used to count lines of sentences (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    Etymology 6Edit

    Various nanori readings.

    Proper nounEdit

    (あきら) or (すすむ) or (とおる) or (まこと) (Akira or Susumu or Tōru or Makoto

    1. A unisex given name

    Proper nounEdit

    (あるき) (Aruki

    1. A place name

    Proper nounEdit

    (あん) or (いく) or (いたる) or (ゆくえ) (An or Iku or Itaru or Yukue

    1. A female given name

    Proper nounEdit

    (つとむ) or (つよし) (Tsutomu or Tsuyoshi

    1. A male given name

    Proper nounEdit

    (ゆき) (Yuki

    1. A place name
    2. A surname​.
    3. A female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    “movement; going”
    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋ, “walk; move”).
    Recorded as Middle Korean ᅘᆡᇰ* (Yale: hhoyng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Recorded as Middle Korean ᄒᆡᇰ (Yale: hoyng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
    “behaviour; conduct”
    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋH, “behaviour”).
    Recorded as Middle Korean ᅘᆡᇰ〮* (Yale: hhóyng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Recorded as Middle Korean ᄒᆡᇰ〯 (Yale: hǒyng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
    “line; row”
    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (hang) based on Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ, “row”).
    “place for specific transaction”
    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (hang) based on Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ, “market”).

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 다닐 (danil haeng))

    1. Hanja form? of (movement; going).
    2. Hanja form? of (behaviour; conduct).
    3. Hanja form? of (line; row).
    4. Hanja form? of (place for specific transaction).
    5. (suffix) Hanja form? of ((transport) bound for).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ, “row”).

    Recorded as Middle Korean ᅘᅡᇰ* (Yale: hhang) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean 하ᇰ (Yale: hang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 항렬 (hangnyeol hang))

    1. Hanja form? of (degree of familial relation).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hàng, hạnh, hành, ngành, hãng, hăng)

    1. company, firm
    2. (archaic) to go, to travel (on a long journey).

    CompoundsEdit