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See also: 彳亍
U+884C, 行
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-884C

[U+884B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+884D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 144 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹人一一弓 (HOMMN), four-corner 21221, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #144, .

Usage notesEdit

行 itself is also used as a radical (in addition to ); unusually for radicals, the phonetic is placed in the middle – with 彳 on the left and 亍 on the right – corresponding to the phonetic originally being placed at the middle of the intersection.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1570, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 811, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+884C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡaːŋs, *ɡraːŋ, *ɡraːŋs
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ, *ɡraːŋs
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋʔ
*ɡraːŋs

Pictogram (象形) – a street intersection.

Originally symmetric, it has been simplified asymmetrically; the left half is widely used as a radical, while the right half finds occasional use, and the character can be broken up as  + , though originally it was not a compound.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • haang4 - vernacular;
  • hang4 - literary.
Note:
  • giàng - vernacular;
  • hèng - literary.
Note:
  • kiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • hêng - literary.
Note:
  • 3hhan - vernacular;
  • 3hhin - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
héng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˤraŋ/
English walk (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 13867
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or dialectal) to walk
  2. to go; to move
  3. to carry out; to execute
  4. to perform (a salute)
  5. OK; good
    這麼 / 这么  ―  Xíng, jiù zhème dìng le.  ―  OK, it's a deal.
  6. to be good; to work
    覺得方法 / 觉得方法  ―  Wǒ juéde zhè fāngfǎ xíng.  ―  I think this will work.
  7. to be good (opposed to bad) (usually in negative sentences, or with )
    成績 / 成绩  ―  Wǒ chéngjī bù xíng.  ―  I have bad grades.
  8. to be able to do something (usually mentioned before)
Usage notesEdit

Notice that when meaning “be able to do something”, can only be used without a complement. This is different from (néng, “to be able to (do something)”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • òng - vernacular;
  • hòng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
háng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
háng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤaŋ/
English rank, row

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 13864
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. profession; industry; trade; business
  2. place for specific transaction
    /   ―  yínháng  ―  bank [lit. money store]
    珠寶 / 珠宝  ―  zhūbǎoháng  ―  jewellery store
  3. line of objects; row

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/
English action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 13876
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. behaviour; conduct

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 4Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/
English action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 13876
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. skill from monk training
      ―  dàohéng  ―  monk training

Pronunciation 5Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
héng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 13866
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 行行 (“bold; staunch; strong”).
  2. Only used in 樹行子树行子 (“row of trees”).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kan'yōon pronunciation, possibly influenced by the goon pronunciation below.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょう, rōmaji gyō, historical hiragana ぎやう)

  1. a line of text
  2. (mathematics) a row of a matrix
  3. (calligraphy) Abbreviation of 行書.

SuffixEdit

(hiragana ぎょう, rōmaji -gyō)

  1. row (in a table of the kana)
     (ぎょう) (だん)
    ha-gyō u-dan
    row ha, section u
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The goon pronunciation, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぎょう, rōmaji gyō, historical hiragana ぎやう)

  1. (Buddhism) saṅkhāra: formations, mental activity; one of the 五蘊 (goun, five skandhas)
  2. (Buddhism) caryā‎: austerities; practice or discipline for enlightenment (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  3. (Buddhism) gamana: manner of going forward or walking (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  4. (by extension, rare) going, travelling
Usage notesEdit

The "going, travelling" definition is superseded by こう below.

SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ぎょう, rōmaji Gyō)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A unisex given name

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ, ɦˠæŋ, ɦɑŋH, ɦˠæŋH). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely the later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana かう)

  1. going; travelling (UK), traveling (US)
  2. type of classical Chinese verse (usually an epic)
  3. (archaic) merchant's association; guild
  4. bank (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana こう, rōmaji )

  1. A unisex given name

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
くだり
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Cognate with 下り (kudari, downward-going).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くだり, rōmaji kudari)

  1. vertical row
  2. vertical line

SuffixEdit

(hiragana くだり, rōmaji -kudari)

  1. used to count lines of sentences (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Etymology 5Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あきら, rōmaji Akira)

  1. A unisex given name

(hiragana あるき, rōmaji Aruki)

  1. A place name

(hiragana あん, rōmaji An)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana いく, rōmaji Iku)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana いたる, rōmaji Itaru)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana すすむ, rōmaji Susumu)

  1. A unisex given name

(hiragana つとむ, rōmaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana つよし, rōmaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

  1. A unisex given name

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji Makoto)

  1. A unisex given name

(hiragana ゆき, rōmaji Yuki)

  1. A place name
  2. A surname​.
  3. A female given name

(hiragana ゆくえ, rōmaji Yukue)

  1. A female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(haeng)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: haeng, McCune-Reischauer: haeng, Yale: hayng)
    • Name (hangeul): 다닐
  1. movement

(hang)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang, Yale: hang)
    • Name (hangeul): 항렬
  1. degree of familial relation

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hàng, hạnh, hành, ngành, hãng, hăng)

  1. company, firm
  2. (archaic) to go, to travel (on a long journey).

CompoundsEdit