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See also: , , and 𝌘
U+5F9E, 從
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F9E

[U+5F9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F9F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 60, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人人人 (HOOOO), four-corner 28281, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 368, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 829, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5F9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms
𠚪

𬽡

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
*sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
*ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloːŋʔ
*ʔsloːŋʔ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋ, *ʔsloŋs
*ʔsloŋ, *sʰloŋ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋs
*sʰloŋ
*sʰloŋ
*zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs
*zloŋ
*sloŋʔ
*sloŋʔ
*sloŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs): semantic  (walk) + phonetic  (OC *zloŋ).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: chêng, chn̂g - vernacular, chiông - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ/
English to follow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 1858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to follow; to come after
  2. to comply with; to submit to
  3. to obey; to accept
  4. to join; to be engaged in
  5. from (a place or time); since
  6. through; via; by
  7. (followed by negative) never; ever
  8. 19th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "following"

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zòng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ-s/
English follower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 1859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of relatives) paternal (with the same surname)
    /   ―  cóngxiōng  ―  paternal male cousin elder than oneself with the same surname
  2. auxiliary; subsidiary
  3. follower; attendant; entourage

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


Note: literary reading.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 1856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 從容从容 (cóngróng, “calm; at ease”).

Pronunciation 4Edit



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsoŋ/
English longitudinal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zòng, “straight; vertical”).
  2. Alternative form of (zòng, “to give free reign to”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 5Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zōng).

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jong, chong) (hangeul , , revised jong, chong, McCune–Reischauer chong, ch'ong, Yale cong, chong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tòng, tùng, thủng, tuồng, thong, thung, thùng, tồng, tụng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit