See also: 音节

Chinese

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sound; noise; news
festival; section; segment
festival; section; segment; point; part; to economize; to save; temperate
 
trad. (音節)
simp. (音节)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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音節

  1. (linguistics) syllable
    聲調漢語音節感知作用 [MSC, trad.]
    声调汉语音节感知作用 [MSC, simp.]
    shēngdiào zài hànyǔ yīnjié gǎnzhī zhōng de zuòyòng [Pinyin]
    the role of tone in Chinese syllable perception
  2. (of music) rhythm

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (音節):

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
せつ
Grade: 4
goon kan'on
Alternative spelling
音節 (kyūjitai)
 音節 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology

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(sound) +‎ (segment) Not related to English onset despite similarity.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(おん)(せつ) (onsetsu

  1. (phonology) a syllable
    (おん)(せつ)()()
    onsetsu moji
    a syllabary
  2. (loosely, phonology, poetry) Synonym of モーラ (mōra, a mora)

Usage notes

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  • A Japanese syllable is said to consist of at least one vowel; optionally preceded by an onglide, then a consonant; and optionally followed by the vowel's lengthening tail (長音 (chōon, literally long sound)), the head of a geminate consonant (促音 (sokuon)), a moraic nasal (撥音 (hatsuon)), or in some analyses, an offglide with which the main vowel is said to form a diphthong based on morphology and/or pitch accent. For example:
    • (kaku) consists of two syllables, (ka, consonant /k/ + vowel /a/) and (ku, consonant /k/ + vowel /u/). It has two morae, and .
    • 東京 (Tōkyō) consists of two syllables, とう (, consonant /t/ + vowel /o/ + lengthening tail /ː/) and きょう (kyō, consonant /k/ + onglide /j/ + vowel /o/ + lengthening tail /ː/). It has four morae, , , きょ and .
    • 学校 (gakkō) consists of two syllables, がっ (gak, consonant /ɡ/ + vowel /a/ + geminate head /Q/ [k]) and こう (, consonant /k/ + vowel /o/ + lengthening tail /ː/). It has four morae, , , and .
    • 日本 (Nihon) consists of two syllables, (ni, consonant /n/ + vowel /i/) and ほん (hon, consonant /h/ + vowel /o/ + moraic nasal /N/). It has three morae, , and .
    • (ai) consists of one syllable, あい (ai, vowel /a/ + offglide /i/). It has two morae, and , and one morpheme, (love).
  • Long vowels, geminate consonants, moraic nasals and diphthongs did not occur in Old Japanese, which is why Old Japanese is often described as consisting of only syllables (not morae like later Japanese). These features gradually developed in later stages of Japanese through various processes, such as 音便 (onbin, euphony) and borrowing words from Classical Chinese, causing the need to distinguish between syllables and morae.

See also

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Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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音節 (eumjeol) (hangeul 음절)

  1. Hanja form? of 음절 (syllable).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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音節

  1. chữ Hán form of âm tiết (syllable).