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See also:
U+6838, 核
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6838

[U+6837]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6839]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木卜女人 (DYVO), four-corner 40982, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 524, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1206, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6838

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *ɡɯːʔ) – a kind of tree. Modern meanings are borrowed.

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Tibetan: "kernel" > "to investigate". Related to (hái); compare Tibetan [script needed] (rag) and Karbi rak (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𣝗

Note:
  • wat6 - “seed; kernel”;
  • hat6 - “nucleus; nuclear”.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • fu̍t - “seed; kernel”;
    • ha̍k - only in 核卵.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hu̍t - vernacular (“seed”);
    • ha̍t - vernacular (“swelling in the lymph glands”);
    • he̍k/hia̍k - literary.
    Note: hug8 - “seed”.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁴⁵/ ~算
    /xu⁴⁵/ 棗~兒
    Jinan /xə⁴²/
    Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/ ~心
    /xuə⁴²/ ~桃
    Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
    Xi'an /xai²¹/ ~算
    /xu²⁴/ 桃~儿
    Xining /xɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xa¹³/ ~算
    /xɛ¹³/ ~算
    /xə¹³/ ~算
    /xɯ¹³/ ~桃
    Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
    /xu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
    /xu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xe³¹/
    Guiyang /xɛ²¹/
    Kunming /xə³¹/
    Nanjing /xəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ²/ ~算
    /kəʔ⁵⁴/ ~桃
    Pingyao /kʌʔ⁵³/ ~桃
    /kʰʌʔ¹³/ 審~
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/ ~算
    /xu³¹/ 棗~子
    Wu Shanghai /ɦəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɛʔ²¹/ ~對
    /xɛ²²/ 山~桃
    Tunxi /xə¹¹/
    /uən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /hæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /hak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /het̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Nanning /wɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hek̚²/
    /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁ<r>ək/
    English kernel fruit; scrutinize

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4334
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuːd/
    Notes 𣝗
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. seed; pit; stone; kernel; core; nut
      𦧲出嚟 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      From: Kaifang Cidian
      loe1 faan1 di1 wat6 ceot1 lai4 [Jyutping]
      spit the seeds/pits back out
    2. (physics, chemistry, biology) nucleus
    3. (physics) nuclear

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms


    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁴⁵/ ~算
    /xu⁴⁵/ 棗~兒
    Jinan /xə⁴²/
    Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/ ~心
    /xuə⁴²/ ~桃
    Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
    Xi'an /xai²¹/ ~算
    /xu²⁴/ 桃~儿
    Xining /xɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xa¹³/ ~算
    /xɛ¹³/ ~算
    /xə¹³/ ~算
    /xɯ¹³/ ~桃
    Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
    /xu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
    /xu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xe³¹/
    Guiyang /xɛ²¹/
    Kunming /xə³¹/
    Nanjing /xəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ²/ ~算
    /kəʔ⁵⁴/ ~桃
    Pingyao /kʌʔ⁵³/ ~桃
    /kʰʌʔ¹³/ 審~
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/ ~算
    /xu³¹/ 棗~子
    Wu Shanghai /ɦəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɛʔ²¹/ ~對
    /xɛ²²/ 山~桃
    Tunxi /xə¹¹/
    /uən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /hæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /hak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /het̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Nanning /wɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hek̚²/
    /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁ<r>ək/
    English kernel fruit; scrutinize

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4843
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡrɯːɡ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rigorous; detailed; reliable
    2. to examine; to check; to verify
    Usage notesEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. a kind of tree
    2. Alternative form of (gāi).

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. eaves of a house

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かく, rōmaji kaku)

    1. atomic nucleus
    2. (algebra) kernel
    3. (astronomy) core, nucleus
    4. cell nucleus

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (haek, hol) (hangeul , , revised haek, hol, McCune–Reischauer haek, hol, Yale hayk, hol)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit