See also:
U+6838, 核
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6838

[U+6837]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6839]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木卜女人 (DYVO), four-corner 40982, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 524, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1206, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6838

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ): semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *ɡɯːʔ) – a kind of tree. Modern meanings are borrowed.

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Tibetan: "kernel" > "to investigate". Related to (hái); compare Tibetan [script needed] (rag) and Karbi rak (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𣝗


Note:
  • wat6 - “seed; kernel”;
  • hat6 - “nucleus; nuclear”.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • fu̍t - “seed; kernel”;
    • ha̍k - only in 核卵.
  • Jin
  • Note: geh5 - used in 核桃.
    Note:
    • hu̍t - vernacular (“seed”);
    • ha̍t - vernacular (“swelling in the lymph glands”);
    • he̍k/hia̍k - literary.
    Note: hug8 - “seed”.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁴⁵/ ~算
    /xu⁴⁵/ 棗~兒
    Jinan /xə⁴²/
    Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/ ~心
    /xuə⁴²/ ~桃
    Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
    Xi'an /xai²¹/ ~算
    /xu²⁴/ 桃~儿
    Xining /xɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xa¹³/ ~算
    /xɛ¹³/ ~算
    /xə¹³/ ~算
    /xɯ¹³/ ~桃
    Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
    /xu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
    /xu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xe³¹/
    Guiyang /xɛ²¹/
    Kunming /xə³¹/
    Nanjing /xəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ²/ ~算
    /kəʔ⁵⁴/ ~桃
    Pingyao /kʌʔ⁵³/ ~桃
    /kʰʌʔ¹³/ 審~
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/ ~算
    /xu³¹/ 棗~子
    Wu Shanghai /ɦəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɛʔ²¹/ ~對
    /xɛ²²/ 山~桃
    Tunxi /xə¹¹/
    /uən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /hæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /hak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /het̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Nanning /wɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hek̚²/
    /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁ<r>ək/
    English kernel fruit; scrutinize

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4334
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuːd/
    Notes 𣝗
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. seed; pit; stone; kernel; core; nut (Classifier: c)
      𦧲出嚟 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      From:
      loe1 faan1 di1 wat6 ceot1 lai4 [Jyutping]
      spit the seeds/pits back out
    2. (physics, chemistry, biology) nucleus
    3. (physics) nuclear
    SynonymsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁴⁵/ ~算
    /xu⁴⁵/ 棗~兒
    Jinan /xə⁴²/
    Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/ ~心
    /xuə⁴²/ ~桃
    Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
    Xi'an /xai²¹/ ~算
    /xu²⁴/ 桃~儿
    Xining /xɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xa¹³/ ~算
    /xɛ¹³/ ~算
    /xə¹³/ ~算
    /xɯ¹³/ ~桃
    Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
    /xu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
    /xu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xe³¹/
    Guiyang /xɛ²¹/
    Kunming /xə³¹/
    Nanjing /xəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ²/ ~算
    /kəʔ⁵⁴/ ~桃
    Pingyao /kʌʔ⁵³/ ~桃
    /kʰʌʔ¹³/ 審~
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/ ~算
    /xu³¹/ 棗~子
    Wu Shanghai /ɦəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɛʔ²¹/ ~對
    /xɛ²²/ 山~桃
    Tunxi /xə¹¹/
    /uən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /hæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /hak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /het̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Nanning /wɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚²/ ~對
    /wɐt̚²/ 桃~
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hek̚²/
    /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁ<r>ək/
    English kernel fruit; scrutinize

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4843
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡrɯːɡ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rigorous; detailed; reliable
    2. to examine; to check; to verify
    Usage notesEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. a kind of tree
    2. Alternative form of (gāi).

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. eaves of a house

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    NounEdit

    (かく) (kaku

    1. atomic nucleus
    2. (algebra) kernel
    3. (astronomy) core, nucleus
    4. cell nucleus

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (haek, hol) (hangeul , , revised haek, hol, McCune–Reischauer haek, hol, Yale hayk, hol)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit