See also: and
U+7BC0, 節
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BC0
箿
[U+7BBF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BC1]
U+FA56, 節
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA56

[U+FA55]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA57]
U+FAAD, 節
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAAD

[U+FAAC]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAAE]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹日戈中 (HAIL), four-corner 88727, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 891, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2976, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7BC0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States
Bronze inscriptions
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsiːɡ): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *ʔsɯɡ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsik.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chat, choeh/cheh - vernacular;
  • chiat - literary.
Note:
  • zag4 - literary;
  • zoih4 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/ ~日
    /t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/ ~骨眼兒
    Tianjin /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiə²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡siə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡siɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕie¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕie²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕie²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sieʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡siəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡seʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡siɛ⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡siet̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡siet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sit̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sit̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sit̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siat̚³²/
    /t͡sat̚³²/ 一~课
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai²⁴/ 五一~
    /t͡siɛ²⁴/ 動,~約
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siak̚²/
    /t͡sak̚²/
    /t͡soiʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚⁵/
    /t͡se⁵⁵/
    /tak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡set̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡set̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡set̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡siet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡siet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jie
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jié
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tset ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tsˁik/
    English joint

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5713
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsiːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. knot; node
    2. joint
    3. segment
    4. link
    5. backbone; integrity; drive; spirit; ambition
    6. circumstances; details; particulars
    7. time period; season; division of time
    8. festival; celebration; holiday; - Day
      聖誕 / 圣诞  ―  shèngdànjié  ―  Christmas
    9. etiquette; formality
    10. (historical) Short for 符節符节 (“tally”).
    11. (music) beat; rhythm
    12. (unit of speed) knot
    13. Classifier for segments, such as batteries, lessons, train carriages, paragraphs, etc.all nouns using this classifier
    14. 60th hexagram of the I Ching.
    15. to constrain; to limit; to control
    16. to save; to use sparingly
    17. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. node
    2. joint; section
    3. season
    4. verse (part of a song), stanza (part of a poem)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ふし
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (kyūjitai)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ふし) (fushi

    1. a knuckle, a joint
    2. melody
      A(エー)(ふし)をつける
      ē ni fushi o tsukeru
      set A to tune
    3. point
    4. section

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    せつ
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (kyūjitai)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (せつ) (setsu

    1. occasion, time
    2. a person's principles
    3. paragraph, stanza, clause

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡set̚).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 마디 (madi jeol))

    1. Hanja form? of (node; joint; incision).
    2. Hanja form? of (verse; beat).
    3. Hanja form? of (anniversary).
    4. Hanja form? of (etiquette).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Related to Japanese (fushi).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji bushi)

    1. a song, poem or musical piece
    2. a term used in titles to denote a poetic or musical piece
       (あかちち) (ぶし)
      akachichi bushi
      Dawn song (a traditional Okinawan musical piece)

    ReferencesEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tiết)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.