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U+5728, 在
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5728

[U+5727]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5729]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大中土 (KLG), four-corner 40214, composition𠂇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 224, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4881
  • Dae Jaweon: page 455, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 418, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5728

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs): phonetic  (OC *zlɯː, *zlɯːs) + semantic  (earth).

was visually identical with (OC *zlɯː, *zlɯːs, “sprout”) in the oracle bone script and some of the bronze inscriptions. It may be either a phonetic loan or a figurative derivative.

EtymologyEdit

Probably related to (OC *ʔslɯː, “to plant”) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note: de4 - modal particle.
Note: ti, tu, tui, thê, thî - vernacular.
Note:
  • do6 - vernacular;
  • zai6 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • dou5 - vernacular (preposition);
    • zai5 - vernacular;
    • zai4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sai⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sai⁵³/ ~早
    /t͡sai²¹³/ ~家
    Tianjin /tai⁵³/
    /t͡sai⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡sɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡sɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sai³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡sɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sai³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sai¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sai²¹³/ 現~
    /tai²¹³/ ~家
    Kunming /t͡sæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡sae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡se̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ze²³/
    Suzhou /ze̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ze̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ze³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰɛ²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰə²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    /t͡sai¹¹/
    /təu¹¹/ ~屋裡
    Xiangtan /d͡zai²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰio⁴⁴/
    /hio⁴⁴/
    /t͡sʰai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔi²²/
    Nanning /t͡sɔi²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɔi²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³⁵/
    /to³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³³/
    /ʔdu³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (15) (15)
    Final () (41) (41)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zʌiX/ /d͡zʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zəiX/ /d͡zəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zəjX/ /d͡zəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zᴀiX/ /d͡zᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑ̆iX/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zài zài
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzojX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˤəʔ/
    English be at, be present

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1064 1065
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlɯːʔ/ /*zlɯːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (located) in, at
    2. to exist, to be (located)
    3. be ...-ing, in the middle of doing something (indicating an action in progress)
    4. during; in

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei mT
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai 辣辣辣海
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jae) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tại)

    1. in

    PrepositionEdit

    1. in