See also: 东京

Chinese

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east capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
trad. (東京)
simp. (东京)
 
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Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (28)
Final () (1) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter tuwng kjaeng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng jīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dung1 ging1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*[k]raŋ/
English east hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2435 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*kraŋ/
Notes
  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “10:30 台山话节目《得闲倾偈》 第1期 [1]

Proper noun

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東京

  1. (~都) Tokyo (a prefecture, the capital city of Japan)
  2. Old name for 開封开封 (Kāifēng).
    東京夢華东京梦华  ―  Dōngjīng mènghuá lù”  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. Old name for 河內河内 (Hénèi).
  4. (history) Tonkin

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (東京):
  • Japanese: 東京(とうけい) (Tōkei)

Noun

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東京

  1. (historical) the eastern capital (in situations where dual capitals existed)

Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (東京):

Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
kan'on goon
 
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/tou kʲau//toːkʲɔː//toːkʲoː/

Compound of Middle Chinese-derived elements (, east, eastern) +‎ (kyō, capital).

The city of Tokyo was renamed from 江戸 (Edo) in 1868 after Emperor Meiji moved the capital from Kyoto.

Pronunciation

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  • (Tokyo) ーきょー [tòókyóó] (Heiban – [0])
  • IPA(key): [to̞ːkʲo̞ː]
  • Audio:(file)

Proper noun

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(とう)(きょう) (Tōkyōとうきやう (toukyau)?

  1. Tokyo (a prefecture, the capital city of Japan, consisting of 23 special wards)
    昨日(きのう)(とう)(きょう)(くも)でした
    Kinō, Tōkyō wa kumori deshita ka.
    Was it cloudy in Tokyo yesterday?
  2. Short for 東京都 (Tōkyō-to): the capital prefecture of Japan
  3. Short for 東京駅 (Tōkyō-eki): Tokyo Station
  4. (historical) Short for 東京府 (Tōkyō-fu): the historical Tokyo Prefecture from 1868–1943
  5. a surname
Derived terms
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Descendants
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See also
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Noun

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(とう)(きょう) (tōkyōとうきやう (toukyau)?

  1. (historical) an eastern capital
    • 1603–1604, Nippo Jisho, page 663:
      [1]
      Tôqiǒ. トゥキャゥ (東京) Figaxino miyaco. (東の都) 東の地方の都 (Miaco).
      Tokio: East[ern] city; a [capital] city on the eastern region (Meaco).
Coordinate terms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
けい
Grade: 2
kan'on

From Middle Chinese 東京 (MC tuwng kjaeng).

The alternate pronunciation for Tokyo appears to be prevalent in the early- to mid-Meiji period.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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(とう)(けい) (Tōkei

  1. (historical) the capital of 東漢 (Tōkan, Eastern Han) or 後漢 (Gokan, Later Han), corresponds to modern Luoyang
  2. (historical) the capital of 北宋 (Hokusō, Northern Song), corresponds to modern Kaifeng
  3. (historical) the eastern capital of the Jurchen Jin dynasty, corresponds to modern Liaoyang
  4. (historical) the capital of Yongwon province in Balhae during the Tang dynasty
  5. (historical) Dated spelling of とうきょう (Tōkyō) above
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
とん
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
sōon tōon
 
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Borrowing from Vietnamese 東京 (Đông Kinh, literally Eastern capital), a historical name for Hanoi. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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東京(トンキン) (Tonkin

  1. (historical) Tonkin (northern region of Vietnam)
Derived terms
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References

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  1. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Proper noun

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東京 (Donggyeong) (hangeul 동경)

  1. Hanja form? of 동경 (alternative name of Tokyo).

Okinawan

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Kanji in this term
とー
Grade: 2
ちょー
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology

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From Japanese 東京 (Tōkyō).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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(とー)(ちょー) (Tōchō

  1. Tokyo (a prefecture, the capital city of Japan, consisting of 23 special wards)
    東京(とーちょー)んかい()()さん。
    Tōchō-nkai ichibusan.
    (I) want to go to Tokyo.

References

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  1. ^ トーチョー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary (archived; reopens 2024).(permanent dead link)
  2. ^ National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2001 [1963]) 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawa-go Jiten) [Dictionary of the Okinawan Language] (in Japanese), Tokyo (東京): Zaimushō Insatsu Kyoku (財務省印刷局)

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Proper noun

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東京

  1. chữ Hán form of Đông Kinh (former name of Hanoi, Tonkin; Tokyo).