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See also: 东京

Contents

ChineseEdit

east capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
trad. (東京)
simp. (东京)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (28)
Final () (1) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng jīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*[k]raŋ/
English east hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2435 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*kraŋ/
Notes

Proper nounEdit

東京

  1. (~都) Tokyo (a metropolis in Japan)
  2. former name of Kaifeng
  3. former name of Hanoi
  4. Tonkin

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (東京):

NounEdit

東京

  1. (historical) the eastern capital, in situations where dual capitals existed

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (東京):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
kan’on goon

/tou kjau//toːkjɔː//toːkjoː/

Derived from Middle Chinese elements (MC tuŋ) and (MC kˠiæŋ).

The city of Tokyo was renamed from 江戸 (Edo) in 1868 after Emperor Meiji moved the capital from Kyoto.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

東京 (hiragana とうきょう, rōmaji Tōkyō, historical hiragana とうきやう)

  1. Tokyo (capital city of Japan), the 23 special wards
     () (のう) (とう) (きょう) (くも)りでしたか。
    Kinō, Tōkyō wa kumori deshita ka.
    Was it cloudy in Tokyo yesterday?
  2. Short for 東京都 (Tōkyō-to) the capital prefecture of Japan
  3. Short for 東京駅 (Tōkyō-eki): Tokyo Station
  4. (historical) Short for 東京府 (Tōkyō-fu): the historical Tokyo Prefecture from 1868–1943
  5. a surname
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

東京 (hiragana とうきょう, rōmaji tōkyō, historical hiragana とうきやう)

  1. (historical) an eastern capital
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 663)[1]
      Tôqiǒ. トゥキャゥ (東京) Figaxino miyaco. (東の都) 東の地方の都 (Miaco).
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
けい
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 東京 (MC tuŋ kˠiæŋ).

The alternate pronunciation for Tokyo appears to be prevalent in the early- to mid-Meiji period.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

東京 (hiragana とうけい, rōmaji Tōkei)

  1. (historical) the capital of 東漢 (Tōkan, Eastern Han) or 後漢 (Gokan, Later Han), corresponds to modern Luoyang
  2. (historical) the capital of 北宋 (Hokusō, Northern Song), corresponds to modern Kaifeng
  3. (historical) the eastern capital of the Jurchen Jin dynasty, corresponds to modern Liaoyang
  4. (historical) the capital of Yongwon province in Balhae during the Tang dynasty
  5. (historical) Dated spelling of とうきょう (Tōkyō) above
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
とん
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
Irregular tōon

Borrowing from Vietnamese Đông Kinh, a historical name for Hanoi. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper nounEdit

東京 (katakana トンキン, rōmaji Tonkin)

  1. (historical) Tonkin (northern region of Vietnam)
Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

東京 (Donggyeong) (hangeul 동경)

  1. Hanja form? of 동경 (alternative name of Tokyo).

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese 東京 (Tōkyō).

Proper nounEdit

東京 (hiragana とーちょー, romaji Tōchō)

  1. Tokyo

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

東京

  1. Hán tự form of Đông Kinh (former name of Hanoi, Tonkin; Tokyo).