See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人口卜水 (ORYE), four-corner 27247, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 110, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 233, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 196, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5047

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
假-bigseal.svg 假-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 假 (放)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ka³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁵¹³/
/kɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ko⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/
Tunxi /kɔ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ka³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ka³³/
Nanning /kʰa³³/
Hong Kong /ka³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ka²¹/
/ke²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kia⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɛ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨX/
Li
Rong
/kaX/
Wang
Li
/kaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎ jiǎ
Middle
Chinese
‹ X › ‹ X ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤraʔ/ /*kˤraʔ/
English borrow; false great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 5955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fake; not real; artificial
    /   ―  jiǎhuò  ―  counterfeit goods
  2. falsehood; deception
  3. to fake; to pretend
  4. to lend
  5. if

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 假 (放)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ka³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁵¹³/
/kɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ko⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/
Tunxi /kɔ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ka³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ka³³/
Nanning /kʰa³³/
Hong Kong /ka³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ka²¹/
/ke²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kia⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɛ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 5961
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. vacation
      ―  bìngjià  ―  sick leave
      ―  jià  ―  holiday

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ga, ha) (hangeul , , revised ga, ha, McCune-Reischauer ka, ha)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giả, giá, hạ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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