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See also:
U+72A2, 犢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72A2

[U+72A1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72A3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
㸿
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 93, +15, 19 strokes, cangjie input 竹手土田金 (HQGWC), four-corner 24586, composition)

  1. calf
  2. victim of sacrifice

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 704, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20196
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1117, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1821, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+72A2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series (𧶠) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːɡs
*ljoɡs, *ljoɡ
覿 *l'juːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*l'oːɡ
*ljoɡ
*ɦljoɡ
*ɦljoɡ
𧶠 *luɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'oːɡ): semantic  (ox) + phonetic 𧶠 (OC *luɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *luk (sheep) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Cognate with (OC *lo, “sheep”), Tibetan ལུག (lug, sheep).

Other etymologies have been proposed:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/duk̚/
Wang
Li
/duk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤok/
English calf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16050
Phonetic
component
𧶠
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'oːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. calf (young cow or bull)
  2. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 小牛 (“calf”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牛犢小牛
Mandarin Beijing 牛犢兒牛犢子
Taiwan 牛犢小牛
Harbin 牛犢子
Jinan 牛犢牛犢子牛犢兒
Muping 牛犢子牛犢兒
Luoyang 牛犢
Jiedian 牛犢
Xi'an 牛犢子牛犢兒牛娃兒
Xining 牛犢子尕牛犢兒
Xuzhou 小牛犢兒牛犢兒小牛犢子牛犢子
Yinchuan 牛巴郎牛巴郎郎牛犢子小牛娃娃
Lanzhou 牛犢子
Ürümqi 牛娃子
Wuhan 小牛牛㹙子㹙子
Chengdu 小牛兒牛崽崽牛兒子
Guiyang 小牛崽小牛兒
Liuzhou 牛崽
Yangzhou 小牛
Nanjing 牛犢子牛秧子
Hefei 小牛
Cantonese Guangzhou 牛仔
Hong Kong 牛仔
Dongguan 牛仔
Hong Kong (Weitou) 牛仔
Yangjiang 牛仔
Kuala Lumpur 牛仔
Gan Nanchang 牛崽子
Lichuan 牛崽兒
Pingxiang 牛崽仔
Hakka Meixian 細牛仔
Changting 細牛子
Wuping 細牛子
Ninghua 牛仔
Yudu 牛子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牛子細牛仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 牛子細牛仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 牛子細牛仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 牛子細牛
Zhuolan (Raoping) 牛子細牛仔細牛
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 牛幺
Hong Kong 牛仔
Senai 牛仔
Huizhou Jixi 細牛
Jin Taiyuan 牛犢子牛娃子
Xinzhou 牛犢子小牛子
Min Bei Jian'ou 牛仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 牛囝
Changle 牛囝
Fuqing 牛囝
Yongtai 牛囝
Gutian 牛囝
Fu'an 牛囝
Ningde 牛囝
Shouning 牛囝
Zhouning 牛囝
Fuding 牛囝
Min Nan Xiamen 牛仔牛仔囝
Quanzhou 牛仔
Zhangzhou 牛仔牛仔囝
Taipei 牛仔囝
Kaohsiung 牛仔囝
Tainan 牛仔囝
Taichung 牛仔囝
Wuqi 牛仔囝
Hsinchu 牛仔囝
Taitung 牛仔囝
Lukang 牛仔囝
Yilan 牛仔囝
Magong 牛仔囝
Penang 牛囝
Chaozhou 牛囝
Shantou 牛囝
Johor Bahru 牛囝
Wenchang 牛囝
Haikou 牛囝
Leizhou 牛囝
Puxian Min Putian 牛囝
Xianyou 牛囝
Pinghua Nanning 牛崽
Wu Suzhou 小牛
Hangzhou 小牛
Wenzhou 牛兒牛㹙兒㹙兒牛童兒
Chongming 小牛
Danyang 小牛
Jinhua 小牛
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 牛崽子
Shuangfeng 牛崽唧
Xiangtan 牛崽唧
Loudi 牛崽唧

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 㸿)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dok) (hangeul , revised dok, McCune–Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.