See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +15, 22 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土田金 (YRGWC), four-corner 04686, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1185, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36088
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1649, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4029, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8B80

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms Etymology 2

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'oːɡ): semantic  ‎(to say) + phonetic 𧸇.

Etymology 1Edit

“To say aloud, to tell” (Shijing) > “to recite” > “to read”.

Cognate with Tibetan ཀློག་པ ‎(klog pa, to read; to recite). Starostin sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-lok ‎(to recite; to give notice) for this, and also includes Burmese လျှောက် ‎(hlyauk, to tell; to ask; to petition; word-for-word translation; indiscriminately) and Mizo thlûk ‎(accent, tone, intonation). Related to (OC *l'oːɡ, “resentment, slander < to grumble; complaint”).

Sagart (1999) argues that “read” cannot be the primary meaning, since existence of the concept “to read” before the invention of writing is questionable. There is likely no writing at the time of the split between Chinese and other Sino-Tibetan languages, therefore the Tibetan word may represent a borrowing from Chinese.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/duk̚/
Wang
Li
/duk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16039
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'oːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to say aloud; to tell
  2. to read (silently); to peruse
    Synonyms: (kàn)
    /   ―  shū  ―  to read; reading
    /   ―  yuè  ―  to read
  3. to read aloud; to read out
    /   ―  lǎng  ―  to read aloud
  4. to study
    大學 / 大学  ―  dàxué  ―  to study at a university
  5. to pronounce (a character, a word, etc.)
    Synonyms: (niàn)
    這個怎麼 / 这个怎么  ―  Zhège zì zěnme ?  ―  How do you pronounce this character?
  6. pronunciation
    /   ―  yīn  ―  pronunciation (of characters)
    /   ―    ―  variant pronunciation
    /   ―  wén  ―  literary reading

Etymology 2Edit

A late attested reading. Starostin thinks it is from the *-s pronunciation of Etymology 1.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. short pause in reading
    /   ―  dòu  ―  periods and commas, sentences and phrases

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. : to read

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Very rarely used. Superseded by the shinjitai form.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dok, du) (hangeul , , revised dok, du, McCune-Reischauer tok, tu, Yale tok, twu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(độc, đọc, đậu, đặt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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