See also:
U+7BE4, 篤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BE4

[U+7BE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BE5]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 118, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸手火 (HSQF), four-corner 88327, composition 𥫗)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 894, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1321, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2997, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7BE4

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tuːɡ) : phonetic (OC *tuɡ) + semantic (horse).

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tuːk (deep; thick) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan འཐུག་པ ('thug pa, thick; deep).

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tu³⁵/
Harbin /tu²⁴/
Tianjin /tu⁴⁵/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tu²⁴/
Xi'an /tu²¹/
Xining /tv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tu¹³/
Lanzhou /tu¹³/
Ürümqi /fu²¹³/
Wuhan /təu²¹³/
Chengdu /tu³¹/
Guiyang /tu²¹³/
Kunming /tu³¹/
Nanjing /tuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tuəʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /tuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /toʔ⁵/
Suzhou /toʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /toʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /to²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /to⁵/
Xiang Changsha /təu²⁴/
Xiangtan /təɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /tuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tok̚⁵/
Nanning /tuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /tɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /touʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /tu²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /tok̚²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔdok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (6)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter towk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawk̚/
Li
Rong
/tok̚/
Wang
Li
/tuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
du
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
duk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ towk ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁuk/
English firm, solid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) honest; sincere; earnest; whole-hearted
  2. (literary, of illness) serious; severe; critical
  3. (literary) solid; firm; strong; hard
  4. (literary) deep; profound
  5. (Wu) calm; leisurely; slow
  6. a surname

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𧰵
This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Cognate with Hakka (túng)?”

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese) to poke; to prod
    計數機计数机 [Cantonese]  ―  duk1 gai3 sou3 gei1 [Jyutping]  ―  to press a calculator
    做咩 [Cantonese, trad.]
    做咩𫽋 [Cantonese, simp.]
    zou6 me1 lo2 zi1 bat1 duk1 ngo5. [Jyutping]
    Why did you poke me with a pen?
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 3 edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𡰪

Cognate with Hakka (dug5).

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese) end; bottom
    㗎喇 [Cantonese, trad.]
    㗎喇 [Cantonese, simp.]
    haang4 dou3 duk1 zau6 wui5 gin3 dou3-2 gaa3 laa3. [Jyutping]
    You will see it when you reach the end [of the path, corridor, etc.].
  2. (Cantonese) distant; of the further end
    舖頭嗰度 [Cantonese, trad.]
    铺头嗰度 [Cantonese, simp.]
    gaan1 pou3 tau4-2 hai2 tiu4 hong6 zeoi3 duk1 go2 dou6. [Jyutping]
    The store is at the furthest end of the alley.

Compounds edit

Etymology 4 edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 涿

Same etymology as etymology 3 (Mai, 2019).

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese) Classifier for excreta.all nouns using this classifier
Compounds edit

Etymology 5 edit

trad.
simp.

Cognate with Shanghainese , as in 阿拉 (“we”), 伊拉 (“they”) (You, 1995).

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Suzhounese) Suffix indicating plural for pronouns.
    [Suzhounese]  ―  6n-toq0 [Wugniu]  ―  you (plural)
    [Suzhounese]  ―  1li-toq0 [Wugniu]  ―  they

Compounds edit

Etymology 6 edit

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Suzhounese, placed after an adjective) very
    [Suzhounese]  ―  very good
Synonyms edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings edit

Proper noun edit

(あつし) (Atsushi

  1. a male given name

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 도타울 (dotaul dok))

  1. Hanja form? of (deep, true, sincere, genuine).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: đốc, dóc, dốc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.