JejuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Korean 國惡 (*NALak). Cognate with Korean 나라 (nara).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

나라 (nara)

  1. country, nation, kingdom

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 나랗〮 (Yale: nàláh), from Old Korean 國惡 (*NALak). Compare Yukjin dialect 나랑 (narang), which preserves the velar nature of the coda consonant.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [na̠ɾa̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?nara
Revised Romanization (translit.)?nala
McCune–Reischauer?nara
Yale Romanization?nala
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 라의 / 라에 / 라까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

NounEdit

나라 (nara)

  1. country, nation
    Synonym: 국가(國家) (gukga)
  2. kingdom
  3. government
    나라 이야.
    I-geo-n nara-ga jun don-iya.
    This is money that the government gave me.
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

—나라 (-nara)

  1. (historical) Chinese dynasty
    건륭제 나라 황제였어.
    Geollyungje-neun Cheong-nara hwangje-yeosseo.
    The Qianlong emperor was an emperor of the Qing dynasty.
Usage notesEdit

Used only for historical Chinese polities with single-syllable names. Thus 송(宋)나라 (Song-nara, Song dynasty) but simply 북송(北宋) (Buk-Song, Northern Song). *북송나라 (*Buk-Song-nara) is ungrammatical.

Etymology 2Edit

From Japanese 奈良 (Nara).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Nara
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Nala
McCune–Reischauer?Nara
Yale Romanization?Nala

Proper nounEdit

나라 (Nara)

  1. Nara (a city in Japan)

Middle KoreanEdit

NounEdit

나라〮 (nàlá)

  1. Isolated form spelling of 나랗〮 (nàláh, country)