JejuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Korean 國惡 (*NALak). Cognate with Korean 나라 (nara).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

나라 (nara)

  1. country, nation, kingdom

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 나랗〮 (Yale: nàláh), from Old Korean 國惡 (*NALak). Compare Yukjin dialect 나랑 (narang), which preserves the velar nature of the coda consonant.

Beyond Koreanic, the word is usually connected to Proto-Tungusic *nā (land), and hence Manchu ᠨᠠ (na, land) and Nanai на (na, land), with *lak~*lah being a suffix.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [na̠ɾa̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?nara
Revised Romanization (translit.)?nala
McCune–Reischauer?nara
Yale Romanization?nala
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 라의 / 라에 / 라까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

NounEdit

나라 (nara)

  1. country, nation
    Synonym: 국가(國家) (gukga)
    러시아 세계에서 제일 나라.
    Reosia-neun segye-eseo jeil keun nara-da.
    Russia is the largest country in the world.
  2. government
    나라 이야.
    Igeon nara-ga jun don-iya.
    This is money that the government gave me.
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

—나라 (-nara)

  1. (history) Chinese dynasty
    건륭제 나라 황제였다.
    Geollyungje-neun Cheong-nara-ui hwangje-yeotda.
    The Qianlong emperor was an emperor of the Qing dynasty.
Usage notesEdit
  • Used only for historical Chinese polities with single-syllable names. Thus 송(宋)나라 (Song-nara, Song dynasty) but simply 북송(北宋) (Buksong, Northern Song). *^북송나라 (*Buksong-nara) is ungrammatical.

Etymology 2Edit

From Japanese 奈良 (Nara).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Nara
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Nala
McCune–Reischauer?Nara
Yale Romanization?nala

Proper nounEdit

나라 (Nara)

  1. Nara (a city in Japan)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Ki-Moon; Ramsey, S. Robert (2011) A History of the Korean Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 24

Middle KoreanEdit

NounEdit

나라〮 (nàlá)

  1. Isolated form spelling of 나랗〮 (nàláh, country)