From Middle English -ful, -full, from Old English -ful, -full (“full of; -ful”), from Proto-Germanic *-fullaz (“-ful”), from Proto-Germanic *fullaz (“full”); see full. Cognate with Scots -fu, Saterland Frisian -ful (“-ful”), West Frisian -fol (“-ful”), Dutch -vol (“-ful”), German -voll (“-ful”), Swedish -full (“-ful”), Icelandic -fullur, -fyllur (“-ful”).
- Used to form adjectives from nouns. Full of, tending to, or thoroughly possessing the quality expressed by the noun.
- Used to form nouns from nouns meaning “as much as can be held by what is denoted by the noun”
- Used to form nouns indicating a great deal of the quantity expressed by the noun.
- -fule, -full, -fulle, -fol, -fole, -foll, -folle, -vol, -vole, -voll, -volle, -uol, -uole, -uoll, -uolle
Old English -ful, -full (“full of; -ful”), from Proto-Germanic *-fullaz (“-ful”), from Proto-Germanic *fullaz (“full”). The use of the ending to denote nouns originates in the reanalysis of ful modifying a noun as being part of the noun itself, e.g. "cuppe ful" as "cuppe-ful".
- Appended to nouns (or, rarely, adjectives and adverbs) to form adjectives denoting the experience or induction of an attitude, internal state or quality.
- Appended to nouns in the category of containers or vessels, denoting the quantity that the given vessel is capable of holding.
- “-ful (suf.1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 22 June 2018.
- “-ful (suf.2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 22 June 2018.
- full of; -ful