See also: fúl, fûl, fül, -ful, and ful-

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

ful

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Fula.

Catalan edit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Fula 𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤬𞤵𞤤𞤣𞤫.

Adjective edit

ful (invariable)

  1. (relational) of Fula

Noun edit

ful m (uncountable)

  1. Fula

Related terms edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse fúll, from Proto-Germanic *fūlaz, cognate with Swedish ful, English foul, German faul, Dutch vuil.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ful (neuter fult, plural and definite singular attributive fule)

  1. (dated) nasty, ugly

Maltese edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic فُول (fūl).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ful m (collective, singulative fula, paucal fuliet)

  1. broad bean, broad beans

See also edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English full, from Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós.

Alternative forms edit

Adverb edit

ful

  1. very; much; to a great extent
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41:
      And I seide, "Ser, in his tyme maister Ioon Wiclef was holden of ful many men the grettis clerk that thei knewen lyuynge vpon erthe. And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge. []
      And I said, "Sir, in his time master John Wycliffe was held by very many men the greatest clerk that they knew living upon earth. And with this he was named, as I believe worthily, an excellent ruly and innocent man in all his living. []
  2. full
    • ca. 1384, John Wycliffe, Wycliffe Bible (translation from the Vulgate), Genesis 25:8
      and failynge he was deed in a good elde, and of greet age, and ful of dayes, and he was gaderyd to his puple.
      and failing he was dead in a good old [age], and of great age, and full of days, and he was gathered to his people.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: full
  • Scots: fou, full
  • Yola: vull
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

ful

  1. Alternative form of fulle

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse fúll, from Proto-Germanic *fūlaz.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ful (masculine and feminine ful, neuter fult, definite singular and plural fule, comparative fulere, indefinite superlative fulest, definite superlative fuleste)

  1. clever, sly

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse fúll, from Proto-Germanic *fūlaz.

Adjective edit

ful (neuter fult, definite singular and plural fule, comparative fulare, indefinite superlative fulast, definite superlative fulaste)

  1. clever, sly

References edit

Old English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *full.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ful

  1. Alternative form of full
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *fūl.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

fūl

  1. foul (dirty, stinking, vile, corrupt)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Old Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *full.

Adjective edit

ful

  1. full

Descendants edit

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: fol
  • West Frisian: fol

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

·ful

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive prototonic of fo·loing

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·ful ·ḟul ·ful
pronounced with /-β(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Saxon edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós.

Adjective edit

ful

  1. full

Declension edit


Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Plautdietsch edit

Adjective edit

ful

  1. foul, rotten, putrid
  2. lazy, shiftless, indolent, slothful

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ful/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ul
  • Syllabification: ful

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English full.

Alternative forms edit

Adjective edit

ful (not comparable, no derived adverb)

  1. (colloquial) full

Noun edit

ful m inan

  1. (poker) full house
  2. (colloquial) stout, porter (beer with mid-high hop and alcohol levels)
  3. (colloquial) full house (situation in which a place is filled with people to its maximum capacity)
    Synonym: komplet
Declension edit

Numeral edit

ful

  1. (colloquial) full

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Arabic فُول (fūl).

Noun edit

ful m inan

  1. type of heavily spiced Egyptian fava bean paste (Is there an English equivalent to this definition?)
Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • ful in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ful in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English full.

Noun edit

ful n (plural fuluri)

  1. (poker) full house

Declension edit

Saterland Frisian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Frisian full, from Proto-West Germanic *full. Cognates include West Frisian fol and German voll.

Adjective edit

ful (masculine fullen, feminine, plural or definite fulle, comparative fuller, superlative fulst)

  1. full
Antonyms edit
  • (antonym(s) of full): loos

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronoun edit

ful

  1. Unstressed form of fúul

References edit

  • Marron C. Fort (2015) “ful”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN
  • Marron C. Fort (2015) “fúul”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈful/ [ˈful]
  • Rhymes: -ul
  • Syllabification: ful

Adjective edit

ful (invariable)

  1. (slang) cheap, fake

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse fúll, from Proto-Germanic *fūlaz. Compare English foul, Dutch vuil, German faul.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ful (comparative fulare, superlative fulast)

  1. ugly; of displeasing appearance
    Det var den fulaste unge jag någonsin sett.
    That's the ugliest kid I've ever seen.
  2. dirty, bad; something contradictory to norms and rules
    Larsson gjorde en riktigt ful tackling.
    Larsson pulled off a really dirty tackle.
  3. prefix indicating a state of low or poor quality: an ironic opposite of fin (fine, elegant).
    • 2000, Mikael Niemi, Populärmusik från Vittula p. 35; English translation by Laurie Thompson: Popular Music from Vittula (2003), p. 36.
      Hukande tassade han fram till predikstolen, en skygg liten gosse med fulsnaggat hår.
      Shoulders hunched, he tip-toed toward the pulpit, a bashful little boy with an awful haircut.

Declension edit

Inflection of ful
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular ful fulare fulast
Neuter singular fult fulare fulast
Plural fula fulare fulast
Masculine plural3 fule fulare fulast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 fule fulare fulaste
All fula fulare fulaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

From English fool.

Noun edit

ful

  1. fool

Volapük edit

Noun edit

ful (nominative plural fuls)

  1. fullness

Declension edit