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TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AbbreviationEdit

il

  1. (Internet) the Internet Top Level Domain code for Israel

NumeralEdit

il

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing forty-nine (49).

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic ил
Roman il
Perso-Arabic

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *jɨl (year)[1]

NounEdit

il (definite accusative ili, plural illər)

  1. year

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jɨl”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

BunakEdit

NounEdit

il

  1. water

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

il c

  1. (rare) haste, speed

VerbEdit

il

  1. imperative of ile

FaroeseEdit

 
Iljar (soles).

NounEdit

il f (genitive singular iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilin iljar iljarnar
Accusative il ilina iljar iljarnar
Dative il ilini iljum iljunum
Genitive iljar iljarinnar ilja iljanna



FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French il, from Old French il, from Vulgar Latin *illī, which is derived from Classical Latin ille.[1]

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

il (third-person singular, plural ils, accusative le, dative lui, emphatic lui)

  1. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
  3. Impersonal subject; it
    Il pleut.It’s raining.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), chapter IL, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FriulianEdit

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

EtymologyEdit

From Latin illum, ultimately from ille.

ArticleEdit

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

See alsoEdit


IcelandicEdit

 
Iljar (soles).

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse il, from Proto-Germanic *iljō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

il f (genitive singular iljar, nominative plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
    Honum sagðist vera illt í ilinni.He said his sole hurt.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

il (plural ili, possessive ilua, possessive plural ilui)

  1. Apocopic form of ilu; he, him

See alsoEdit


InterlinguaEdit

PronounEdit

il

  1. personal pronoun used with impersonal verbs
    Il ha multe arbores illac.
    There are many trees there.

Usage notesEdit

Optional.


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish il, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-.

AdjectiveEdit

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. (literary) many

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. Alternative form of oll (great; huge, vast, immense)

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
il n-il hil not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "il" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “il” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “il” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the older form lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /il/

ArticleEdit

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, pages 123, 124

AnagramsEdit


MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic اَل (al-).

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

il

  1. the

Usage notesEdit

  • Before the letters ċ, d, n, r, s, t, x, ż and z the l assimilates, resulting in the following forms:
  • The article (in all forms) connects to the following word with a hyphen.
    il-marathe woman
    il-futurthe future
    ix-xemxthe sun
  • The initial i of the article is dropped before vowels, including before h- and għ-, but not before q- [ʔ].
    l-ibenthe son
    l-għasfurthe bird
    il-qalbthe heart
  • Even before a consonant, the i is dropped when the preceding word ends in a vowel.
    Rajna l-film.We saw the film.
    Rajna x-xemx.We saw the sun.
  • The article forms contractions with certain prepositions.
    mal-marawith the woman
    tax-xemxof the sun

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French il.

PronounEdit

il m

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal, or referring to an unknown person)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: il

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *illī, from Latin ille.

PronounEdit

il

  1. he (third-person masculine singular subject pronoun)
  2. they (third-person masculine plural subject pronoun)
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      S'il vos poent ataindre, ja vos areient tué.
      If they could range you, they would have already killed you.

DescendantsEdit

  • French: il
    • French: il

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-; cognate with Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much), Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much), Sanskrit पुरु (puru, much).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

il

  1. much, many (usually as the first member of a compound, usually governs a plural noun)
    cosin taidbse ilwith much ostentation
    Is amlid do·rigéni Dia corp duini ó il-ballaib.Thus God has made man's body of many members.
    Is ferr precept oldaas labrad il-béelre.Preaching is better than speaking many languages.
    trissam mrechtrad inna n-il-briatharthrough the variation of the many words

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
il unchanged n-il
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old NorseEdit

NounEdit

il f (genitive iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: il
  • Faroese: il
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: il

ReferencesEdit

il in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

il c

  1. (archaic) gust; a strong, abrupt rush of wind
  2. (archaic) hurry

DeclensionEdit

Declension of il 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilen ilar ilarna
Genitive ils ilens ilars ilarnas

TurkishEdit

NounEdit

il

  1. province
    Synonym: vilayet

TzotzilEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

il

  1. (transitive) to see

ReferencesEdit