-ess (plural -esses)
- Suffix appended to words to make a female form.
- Professions ending in -ter or -tor change to -tr when this suffix is added.
- However, there are also terms with -ter-ess.
- Additionally, sometimes terms ending in -der/-dor can change to -dr when this suffix is added. Other changes are: -ger to -gr, -per to -pr, -pher to -phr.
- Professions ending in -e lose an e when this suffix is added.
- As in Romance languages, the masculine form is always used when referring to both males and females. However, note the unusual word marquess which denotes males.
- Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart were very popular actors.
- Who would like to be an actor after high school?
- This suffix is sometimes regarded as sexist and as such is starting to fall into disuse; a single, gender-neutral term is preferred by some even though it is a less specific term.
- Glenda Jackson is a famous actor.
- Glenda Jackson is a famous actress. More specific language signaling that Glenda is a female.
- Depending on etymology, other feminine affixes are used; see synonyms.
- Alternative form of