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 pl or du 2. stative ending

  1. (attached to a stative verb form) you

Usage notesEdit

Some authors have interpreted this morpheme as .tjwnj based on the Middle Egyptian form and extrapolated from the third-person stative endings to reconstruct a dual form *.tjwny; however, others suggest that .tjwnj is a later develoment and note that the only attested dual forms are written identically to the plural.

Another suggestion sometimes found is that the bird glyph in this morpheme could be read tw rather than its common value tjw, yielding .twn with variant .twnj.


Alternative formsEdit


  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN.
  • Edel, Elmar (1955-1964) Altägyptische Grammatik, Rome: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum