See also: .ṯn, tn, TN, .tn, .Tn, t.n., and T.-N.

Egyptian

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Etymology

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From earlier *kina

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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T
n

 pl f sg 2. enclitic (‘dependent’) pronoun

  1. you (see usage notes)

Usage notes

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By the time of Late Egyptian, this pronoun was no longer used for the feminine singular, as that function was taken over by the masculine singular tw / tj (from earlier ṯw).

This form of pronoun is an enclitic that must directly follow the word it modifies. Its meaning depends on its context:

  • When it follows a verb, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • In the second and third person when it follows an adjective, it forms the subject of an adjectival sentence.
  • When it follows a relative adjective, such as ntj, ntt, or jsṯ, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (usually only in the first person singular and third person common).
  • When it follows an imperative, it indicates the subject or the object of the verb.
  • When it follows a particle like m.k, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition.

Inflection

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Alternative forms

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References

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  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 51.
  • Junge, Friedrich (2005) Late Egyptian Grammar: An Introduction, second English edition, Oxford: Griffith Institute, page 77
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 64