English

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Etymology

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From Middle English Adam, from Old English Adam, from Latin Adam, Adamus, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), Ἄδαμος (Ádamos), from Biblical Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown), from אדמה (adamah, red earth, ground).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam (plural Adams)

  1. (Abrahamism, religion) The first man and the progenitor of the human race.
  2. A male given name from Hebrew.
    • 1859, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], “The Workshop”, in Adam Bede [], volume I, Edinburgh, London: William Blackwood and Sons, →OCLC, book first, page 3:
      In his tall stalwartness Adam Bede was a Saxon, and justified his name; but the jet-black hair, made the more noticeable by its contrast with the light paper cap, and the keen glance of the dark eyes that shone from under strongly marked, proninent, and mobile eyebrows, indicated a mixture of Celtic blood.
    • 1904, Mark Twain, Extracts from Adam's Diary:
      Since then I have deciphered some more of Adam’s hieroglyphics, and think he has now become sufficiently important as a public character to justify this publication.
    • 1933, Eleanor Farjeon, “Boys' Names”, in Over the Garden Wall, Faber and Faber, page 90:
      What splendid names for boys there are! / There's Carol like a rolling car, / And Martin like a flying bird, / And Adam like the Lord's First Word,
  3. (figuratively) Original sin or human frailty.
  4. (with second or last) Jesus Christ, whose sacrifice, in Christian theology, makes possible the forgiveness of Adam's original sin.
  5. Designating a neoclassical style of furniture and architecture in the style of Robert and James Adam.
    • 1936, HP Lovecraft, The Haunter of the Dark:
      Inside were six-panelled doors, wide floor-boards, a curving colonial staircase, white Adam-period mantels, and a rear set of rooms three steps below the general level.
    • 2001, Norman K. Risjord, Representative Americans: The Revolutionary Generation, page 164:
      McIntyre's best pieces, such as the fireplace in the Otis house, managed to convey both an opulent warmth and a restrained elegance, and compares favorably with the artistic saturnalia of an Adam fireplace.
  6. An English surname originating as a patronymic.
  7. A Scottish surname originating as a patronymic.
  8. A French surname originating as a patronymic.
  9. A German surname originating as a patronymic.

Alternative forms

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Derived terms

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surnames

Translations

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See also

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Anagrams

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Albanian

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Etymology

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From Latin Adam, Adamus, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), Ἄδαμος (Ádamos), from Biblical Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown), from אדמה (adamah, red earth, ground).

Proper noun

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Adam m (definite Adami)

  1. a male given name, equivalent to English Adam
  2. (religion, Christianity) Adam (biblical figure)
  3. (religion, Islam) Adem (Adam)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Catalan

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. a male given name, equivalent to English Adam
  2. Adam (biblical figure)

Derived terms

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Cornish

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Pronunciation

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IPA(key): /ˈædəm/

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (biblical figure)

Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology

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Borrowed from Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m anim (diminutive Adámek or Damek or Áďa)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Adam

Declension

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Danish

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch Adam, from Latin Ādām, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), from Hebrew אָדָם (Adam).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.dɑm/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: Adam

Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. Adam (Biblical character, mythological first man)
  2. a male given name from Hebrew

Derived terms

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a diminutive of the male given names Adanet, Adenot, Adnet, or Adnot

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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German

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin Adam, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), from Hebrew אָדָם (ʾāḏām, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m (proper noun, strong, genitive Adams)

  1. (biblical) Adam
  2. a male given name; variant form Adi

Hausa

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Etymology

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From Arabic آدَم (ʔādam).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ʔá.dàm/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [ʔá.dàŋ]

Proper noun

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Adàm m

  1. Adam (biblical character)

Derived terms

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Icelandic

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

Declension

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Derived terms

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See also

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Anagrams

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Italian

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Etymology

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Alteration of MDMA.

Noun

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Adam m (invariable)

  1. (informal) ecstasy (drug)

Anagrams

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Latin

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Ādām m sg (indeclinable)

  1. Adam (Biblical figure)
  2. (New Latin) a male given name, equivalent to English Adam

Declension

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Indeclinable noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Ādām
Genitive Ādām
Dative Ādām
Accusative Ādām
Ablative Ādām
Vocative Ādām

References

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  • Adam”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Adam in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Lombard

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Etymology

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From Latin Ādām.

Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. (Old Lombard) Adam (biblical character)

Descendants

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  • Lombard: Adamm

Kashubian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Polish Adam.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈadam/
  • Rhymes: -adam
  • Syllabification: A‧dam

Proper noun

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Adam m pers (related adjective adamów or adamòwi)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name, equivalent to English Adam

Further reading

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  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “Adam”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[1]

Maltese

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Etymology

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From Sicilian Adamu, Addamu and/or Italian Adamo, both from Latin Ādāmus, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), from Hebrew אָדָם (āḏām). All religious names (though not all religious words) in Maltese are borrowings from Romance. The inherited form from Arabic آدَم (ʔādam) would be *Iedem, which is preserved in bniedem (human being, literally son of Adam).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. Adam

Derived terms

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Middle English

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Etymology

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From Latin Ādāmus, Ādām, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám), Ἄδαμος (Ádamos), from Biblical Hebrew אָדָם (adam).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /aˈdaːm/, /ˈadam/

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (Biblical progenitor of humankind).
  2. a male given name from Hebrew; Adam
  3. (with newe or last) Jesus Christ.

Descendants

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References

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Norwegian

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m pers (diminutive Adaś)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name, equivalent to English Adam

Declension

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Further reading

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  • Adam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic Адамъ (Adamŭ).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. a male given name
  2. a surname
  3. A village in Drăgușeni, Galați, Romania

Scots

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Etymology

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From Middle English Adam, from Latin Ādāmus, Ādām, from Ancient Greek Ἀδάμ (Adám).

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam (biblical figure)

Derived terms

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References

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ǎdam/
  • Hyphenation: A‧dam

Proper noun

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Àdam m (Cyrillic spelling А̀дам)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

Declension

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See also

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Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam m anim (genitive singular Adama, nominative plural Adamovia, genitive plural Adamov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • Adam”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /aˈdam/ [aˈð̞ãm]
  • Rhymes: -am
  • Syllabification: A‧dam

Proper noun

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Adam m

  1. Archaic form of Adán (biblical figure).
    • 1602, La Santa Biblia (antigua versión de Casiodoro de Reina), Génesis 2:20:
      Y puso Adam nombres á toda bestia y ave de los cielos y á todoanimal del campo.
      And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; [] (KJV)

Swedish

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Etymology

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From Hebrew אָדָם (adam, earth, man, soil, light brown).

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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Adam

  1. The letter "A" in the Swedish spelling alphabet

Proper noun

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Adam c (genitive Adams)

  1. Adam (biblical figure)
  2. a male given name. Pet form: Adde

Tok Pisin

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Etymology

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From English Adam.

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. Adam

Turkish

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Etymology

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From Arabic آدَم (ʔādam).

Proper noun

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Adam

  1. a male given name

Walloon

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Adam

  1. (biblical) Adam
  2. a male given name, equivalent to English Adam