English edit

Etymology edit

Compare Turkish dama, Northern Kurdishدامە(dame). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

dama (uncountable)

  1. The game of Turkish draughts.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Asturian edit

Noun edit

dama f (plural dames)

  1. (chess) queen

See also edit

Chess pieces in Asturian · pieces d'axedrez (layout · text)
           
rei dama, reina torre alfil caballu peón

Bambara edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Eastern Maninkakan dàma.

Noun edit

dama

  1. number, quantity
  2. limit

Adverb edit

dama

  1. only

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dame, from Latin domina. Doublet of dona.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama f (plural dames)

  1. lady (graceful, elegant or noble woman)
  2. (chess) queen
  3. (in the plural) checkers (US), draughts (UK)

See also edit

Chess pieces in Catalan · peces d'escacs (layout · text)
           
rei reina, dama torre alfil cavall peó

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish damas.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: da‧ma

Noun edit

dama

  1. the game of checkers
  2. (checkers) a king
  3. a demijohn

Verb edit

dama

  1. (checkers) to crown a king

Cornish edit

Noun edit

dama f (plural damyow)

  1. mother, dam

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dama

  1. third-person singular past historic of damer

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dame.

Noun edit

dama f (plural damas)

  1. lady, dame, woman of high status
  2. (chess) queen
    Synonym: raíña

See also edit

Chess pieces in Galician · pezas de xadrez (layout · text)
           
rei dama, raíña torre, roque alfil cabalo peón

Garo edit

Etymology edit

From (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

dama

  1. drum

Hausa edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dáː.máː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [dáː.máː]

Noun edit

dāmā f (possessed form dāmar̃)

  1. chance, opportunity, possibility
  2. equal, something comparable
  3. improvement

References edit

  • Newman, Paul (2007) A Hausa-English Dictionary (Yale Language Series), New Haven; London: Yale University Press, →ISBN, page 41.

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama f (genitive singular dömu, nominative plural dömur)

  1. lady (also used as a third person address)
    Hvað má bjóða dömunni?
    What may be offered the lady? (speaking to the lady herself)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Ilocano edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish damas.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: da‧ma
  • IPA(key): /ˈdama/

Noun edit

dama

  1. (board games) checkers (US); draughts (UK)

Derived terms edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈda.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ama
  • Hyphenation: dà‧ma

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from French dame. Doublet of donna.

Noun edit

dama f (plural dame)

  1. lady
  2. (board games, in the singular) draughts/checkers
  3. king (in draughts/checkers)
  4. draughtboard/checkerboard
  5. queen (playing card)
Synonyms edit
Descendants edit
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧دامه(dama)
    • Turkish: dama
    • Armenian: տամա (tama)

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

dama

  1. inflection of damare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams edit

Jamamadí edit

Verb edit

dama

  1. (Banawá) to hold securely

References edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

dama

  1. Rōmaji transcription of だま
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ダマ

Kashubian edit

Noun edit

dama f

  1. lady
  2. weir
  3. pavement

Further reading edit

  • dama”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “tama”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “dama”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi

Latin edit

Noun edit

dāma f (genitive dāmae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of damma (fallow deer)

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dāma dāmae
Genitive dāmae dāmārum
Dative dāmae dāmīs
Accusative dāmam dāmās
Ablative dāmā dāmīs
Vocative dāma dāmae

References edit

  • dama”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dama in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Lithuanian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (da) IPA(key): [d̪ɐˈmɐ]
  • (ma) IPA(key): [ˈd̪ä̌ːmɐ]

Noun edit

damà f (plural dãmos) stress pattern 2

  1. lady[1]
  2. (card games) queen

Declension edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ “dama” in Martsinkyavitshute, Victoria (1993), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN

Anagrams edit

Maranao edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish damas.

Noun edit

dama

  1. checkers, draughts

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

dama m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of dame

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Noun edit

dama f (definite singular dama, indefinite plural damer or damor, definite plural damene or damone)

  1. definite singular of dame
  2. (pre-2012) alternative form of dame

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

·dama

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive conjunct of daimid

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·dama ·dama
pronounced with /-ð(ʲ)-/
·ndama
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dame, Old French dame, from Late Latin domna, shortened variant of Latin domina. Doublet of domina.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈda.ma/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ama
  • Syllabification: da‧ma

Noun edit

dama f

  1. lady
    Synonyms: białogłowa, facetka, kobiałka, kobieta, niewiasta
  2. (card games) queen
    dama karoqueen of diamonds
    dama kierqueen of hearts
    dama pikqueen of spades
    dama treflqueen of clubs
  3. (chess, colloquial) queen (chess piece)
    Synonyms: hetman, królowa, królówka

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

noun

See also edit

Chess pieces in Polish · bierki szachowe (layout · text)
           
król hetman, królowa, królówka, dama wieża goniec, laufer, giermek skoczek, koń, konik pion, pionek

Further reading edit

  • dama in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dama in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

 
dama

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dame,[1] from Latin domina.[2] Doublet of dona.

Pronunciation edit

 
 

Noun edit

dama f (plural damas)

  1. lady
  2. (chess) queen
  3. (card games) queen

See also edit

Chess pieces in Portuguese · peças de xadrez (layout · text)
           
rei rainha, dama torre bispo cavalo peão
Playing cards in Portuguese · cartas de baralho (layout · text)
             
ás dois, duque três, terno quatro, quadra cinco, quina seis, sena sete, bisca, manilha
             
oito nove dez valete dama rei jóquer, curinga

References edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of damă

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dǎːma/
  • Hyphenation: da‧ma

Noun edit

dáma f (Cyrillic spelling да́ма)

  1. lady
  2. (chess, card games) queen

Declension edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Serbo-Croatian · šahovske figure / шаховске фигуре (layout · text)
           
kralj
краљ
dama, kraljica
дама, краљица
top, kula
топ, кула
lovac, trkač, laufer
ловац, тркач, лауфер
skakač, konj
скакач, коњ
pješak, pešak, pion, pijun
пјешак, пешак, пион, пијун
Playing cards in Serbo-Croatian · igraće karte (layout · text)
             
as, kec dvojka, dvica trojka, trica četvorka, četvrtica petica šestica sedmica
             
osmica devetka, devetica desetka, desetica dečko, pub, žandar, fant kraljica, dama kralj džoker

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dáma f

  1. lady
  2. (chess) queen
  3. (card games) queen

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. dáma
gen. sing. dáme
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
dáma dámi dáme
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dáme dám dám
dative
(dajȃlnik)
dámi dámama dámam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
dámo dámi dáme
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
dámi dámah dámah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
dámo dámama dámami

See also edit

Playing cards in Slovene · igralne karte (layout · text)
             
as, enka dvojka trojka štirka, štirica petka, petica šestka, šestica sedemka, sedmica
             
osmica devetka, devetica desetka, desetica fant kraljica, dama kralj joker

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dame, from Latin domina. Doublet of dueña.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdama/ [ˈd̪a.ma]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ama
  • Syllabification: da‧ma

Noun edit

dama f (plural damas, masculine caballero, masculine plural caballeros)

  1. lady, dame
    Synonyms: señora, ama
  2. (Mexico) a female member of the court of honor at a quinceañera
    Coordinate term: chambelán
  3. (chess) queen
    Synonym: reina
  4. (checkers) king
    Synonym: reina

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Spanish · piezas de ajedrez (layout · text)
           
rey dama, reina torre, roque alfil caballo peón

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Portuguese damas.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama (n class, no plural)

  1. draughts, checkers

Synonyms edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

Compare Malay jamah.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: da‧ma
  • IPA(key): /daˈma/, [dɐˈma]

Noun edit

damá (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜋ)

  1. feeling; perception
    Synonyms: damdam, pakiramdam
  2. opinion about something
    Synonyms: kuro, kuro-kuro, palagay

Adjective edit

damá (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜋ)

  1. felt; perceived
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish damas.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: da‧ma
  • IPA(key): /ˈdama/, [ˈda.mɐ]

Noun edit

dama (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜋ)

  1. checkers; draughts
  2. (checkers) king
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Spanish dama (lady, dame).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: da‧ma
  • IPA(key): /ˈdama/, [ˈda.mɐ]

Noun edit

dama (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜋ)

  1. maid of honor; lady-in-waiting
    Synonym: abay
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • dama”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Uneapa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *dramaʀ (light, torch), variant of *ramaʀ with irregular loss of , from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *damaʀ, from Proto-Austronesian *damaʀ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama

  1. light

Further reading edit

  • Terry Crowley et al, The Oceanic Languages (2013), page 380
  • Johnston, R.L. 1982. "Proto-Kimbe and the New Guinea Oceanic hypothesis". In Halim, A., Carrington, L. and Wurm, S.A. editors. Papers from the Third International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, Vol. 1: Currents in Oceanic, 59-95.

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama

  1. forest

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[1], Pacific linguistics

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dama

  1. ocean, sea

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “dama”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988), “dama”, in The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “dama”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[2], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • de Civrieux, Marc (1980), “dama”, in ,  David M. Guss, transl., Watunna: An Orinoco Creation Cycle, San Francisco: North Point Press, →ISBN