See also: Péking

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a romanization of Mandarin 北京 (Běijīng), compare Middle Chinese 北京 (MC pək̚ kˠiæŋ) or Cantonese 北京 (bak1 ging1), itself derived from French Péking, a transcription based on the Nanjing-dialect pronunciation.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /piːˈkɪŋ/,[1][2][3] /peɪ.ˈkɪŋ/[1][2]
  • enPR: pēʹkǐngʹ, pāʹkǐngʹ
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋ
  • Hyphenation: Pe‧king

Proper nounEdit

Peking

  1. Dated form of Beijing, a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China.
    • 1655, The History of That Great and Renowned Monarchy of China[1], page 273:
      The Emperour hearing of the ill ſucceſſe of this Affairs, began to think of leaving the Northern parts, where his Royal City of Peking is ſituated, and to paſſe to Nankuing which is far more Southward; but he was diſſwaded from this intended courſe as well by his loyal, as diſloyal ſubjec͡ts : by theſe, that they might give him up more ſpeedily into the enemies hands, before their treachery was diſcovered; and by the others, leſt his flight might trouble the Kingdome more, and diſcourage all his Subjec͡ts from giving their beſt aſſiſtance; for they thought the City impregnable, being fortified with ſo ſtrong a Garriſon; nor did they doubt that the Kings preſence would draw the ſources of the whole Kingdom to him.
    • 1868, Robert Fortune, Yedo and Peking: A Narrative of a Journey to the Capitals of Japan and China[2], London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, page 344:
      Having received permission to visit Peking from his Excellency the Hon. F. W. A. Bruce, Her Majesty’s Minister at the China Court, I left Tien-tsin for that place on the 17th of September.
    • 1914, Frank L. Brown, A Sunday School Tour of the Orient[3], Doubleday, Page & Company, page 307:
      While the main party was at Peking, Dr. Wilbur went northward to visit the interesting and important mission station at Kalgan.
      Kalgan is one hundred and twenty miles to the northwest of Peking, and is reached by a Chinese government railroad, the first railroad built by a Chinese engineer.
    • 1971, Central Intelligence Bulletin[4], Directorate of Intelligence, page 5:
      COMMUNIST CHINA: Peking is expanding its naval activity in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea some 200 miles southeast of Hai-nan Island.
    • 1972 February 20, President Richard Nixon, Nixon in China (The Film)[5], Agana, Guam: Richard Nixon Presidential Library, 15:48 from the start:
      This is not a time for a long speech but, I would not want this opportunity to pass without saying just a word with regard to the significance of this moment. Some of you may recall that it was two and a half years ago that right here in Guam, I announced a new direction for American foreign policy based on the principles of self-reliance, self-respect- equal dignity for all nations, large and small throughout the world. And tomorrow, I will take off from Guam for Shanghai and Peking, the first President of the United States ever to visit China. Guam, I know it is said, is where the American day begins. And I would hope that all of you today would join me in this prayer, that with this trip to China, a new day may begin for the whole world. Thank you very much.
    • 1983 October 16, “Officials Voice Concern Over Reagan's Trip”, in Free China Weekly[6], volume XXIV, number 14, Taipei, ISSN 0016-0318, OCLC 1786626, page 1:
      Officials of the Republic of China on Taiwan have expressed concern over U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s scheduled visit to Peking in April and said they hoped to see no adverse effects to the existing substantial relations between the ROC and the United States as a result of the trip.
    • 1989 June 4, Kate Adie, Archive: Chinese troops fire on protesters in Tiananmen Square - BBC News[7], Peking: BBC News, published 2014, 0:02 from the start:
      The noise of gunfire rose from all over the center of Peking. It was unremitting.
    • 2010 December, John Pollock, A Foreign Devil in China, World Wide Publications, →ISBN, page 45:
      Back at Tsingkiangpu the Bells had a taste of the unsettled state of China in the years when warlords ruled provinces on behalf of the government in Peking but were virtually independent autocrats clinging to power until toppled by another.

Usage notesEdit

Although more common in English into the 1980s,[4] the Postal Map romanization Peking is now less common than pinyin Beijing in standard English and, although not obsolete, can feel dated or even historical.

The adjectival form Pekingese remains more common than recent updates such as Beijingese and Beijinger.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Peking” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Peking”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  3. ^ Peking” in the Collins English Dictionary
  4. ^ Peking,Beijing at Google Ngram Viewer

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking m

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Peking in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Peking in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking n

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

FinnishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of Peking (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Peking
genitive Pekingin
partitive Pekingiä
illative Pekingiin
singular plural
nominative Peking
accusative nom. Peking
gen. Pekingin
genitive Pekingin
partitive Pekingiä
inessive Pekingissä
elative Pekingistä
illative Pekingiin
adessive Pekingillä
ablative Pekingiltä
allative Pekingille
essive Pekinginä
translative Pekingiksi
instructive
abessive Pekingittä
comitative
Possessive forms of Peking (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Pekingini Pekingimme
2nd person Pekingisi Pekinginne
3rd person Pekinginsä

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking n (genitive Pekings)

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

Usage notesEdit

  • In German, Peking remains the vastly predominant form of the name in all contexts (except perhaps sinologist literature and the like).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


HungarianEdit

 Peking on Hungarian Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛkiŋɡ]
  • Hyphenation: Pe‧king
  • Rhymes: -iŋɡ

Proper nounEdit

Peking

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative Peking
accusative Pekinget
dative Pekingnek
instrumental Pekinggel
causal-final Pekingért
translative Pekinggé
terminative Pekingig
essive-formal Pekingként
essive-modal
inessive Pekingben
superessive Pekingen
adessive Pekingnél
illative Pekingbe
sublative Pekingre
allative Pekinghez
elative Pekingből
delative Pekingről
ablative Pekingtől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Pekingé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Pekingéi
Possessive forms of Peking
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Pekingem
2nd person sing. Pekinged
3rd person sing. Pekingje
1st person plural Pekingünk
2nd person plural Pekingetek
3rd person plural Pekingjük

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


InterlinguaEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking

  1. Peking (the former name of Beijing, a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pěkiŋɡ/
  • Hyphenation: Pe‧king

Proper nounEdit

Pèking m (Cyrillic spelling Пѐкинг)

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

DeclensionEdit


SlovakEdit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking m (genitive Pekingu)

  1. Beijing, Peking (the capital of China)

ReferencesEdit

  • Peking in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SwedishEdit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Peking ? (genitive Pekings)

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

AnagramsEdit


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English Peking, from the Chinese postal romanization of Nanjing court dialect Mandarin 北京.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛkiŋ/, [ˈpɛxɪŋ]

Proper nounEdit

Péking

  1. Beijing, Peking (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)