See also: Póland

English edit

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Etymology edit

1560s. From Pole +‎ land, a phono-semantic matching of German Polen (Poland), from Old Polish Polanie (Poles, literally field dwellers), from Proto-Slavic *poľane, plural of *poľaninъ (field dweller), from *poľe (field) + *-ěninъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (flat, wide).

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpəʊ.lənd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpoʊ.lənd/
  • (file)

Proper noun edit


  1. A country in Central Europe. Official name: Republic of Poland. Capital and largest city: Warsaw.
    • 1978, Richard Nixon, RN: the Memoirs of Richard Nixon[1], Grosset & Dunlap, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, →OL, page 213:
      After leaving the Soviet Union, we made a brief visit to one of the captive nations — Poland.[...]A quarter of a million people turned out that Sunday. Despite the presence of Soviet troops, and the fact that they share a common border with the Soviet Union, on that Sunday the people of Poland demonstrated dramatically not only their friendship for the United States but also their detestation of their Communist rulers and Soviet neighbors.
    • 2005, Bill Clinton, My Life[2], volume II, New York: Vintage Books, →ISBN, →OCLC, pages 185–186:
      The next stop was Warsaw, to meet with President Lech Walesa and emphasize my commitment to bringing Poland into NATO. Walesa had become a hero, and free Poland's natural choice for president, by leading the Gdansk-shipyard workers' revolt against communism more than a decade earlier. He was deeply suspicious of Russia and wanted Poland in NATO as soon as possible. He also wanted more American investment in Poland, saying the country's future required more American generals, "starting with General Motors and General Electric."
  2. A number of places in the United States:
    1. An unincorporated community in Cass Township, Clay County, Indiana.
    2. A town in Androscoggin County, Maine.
    3. A town in Chautauqua County, New York.
    4. A village in Herkimer County, New York.
    5. A village and township in Mahoning County, Ohio.
    6. An unincorporated community in Eaton, Brown County, Wisconsin.
  3. A village on Kiritimati, Kiribati, named after the home country of a plantation manager.
  4. A surname.

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