See also: Abakus and abaküs

Czech

edit
 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Latin abacus, abax (sideboard or table with a slab at the top; slab at the top of a column; counting board, sand table; board for playing games) (compare Late Latin abacus (art of arithmetic)), from Ancient Greek ἄβαξ (ábax, counting board; board covered with sand for drawing; plate; dice-board).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

abakus m inan

  1. abacus (a calculating table or frame)
    Synonym: počitadlo
  2. abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column)

Declension

edit

Further reading

edit
  • abakus in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • abakus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • abakus in Internetová jazyková příručka

Finnish

edit

Etymology

edit

Internationalism (see English abacus), ultimately from Latin abacus.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈɑbɑkus/, [ˈɑ̝bɑ̝kus̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑbɑkus
  • Syllabification(key): a‧ba‧kus

Noun

edit

abakus

  1. (mathematics, rare) abacus (a calculating frame)
    Synonyms: helmitaulu, laskulauta, laskutaulu
  2. (architecture) abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column)
    Synonym: katelaatta

Declension

edit
Inflection of abakus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative abakus abakukset
genitive abakuksen abakusten
abakuksien
partitive abakusta abakuksia
illative abakukseen abakuksiin
singular plural
nominative abakus abakukset
accusative nom. abakus abakukset
gen. abakuksen
genitive abakuksen abakusten
abakuksien
partitive abakusta abakuksia
inessive abakuksessa abakuksissa
elative abakuksesta abakuksista
illative abakukseen abakuksiin
adessive abakuksella abakuksilla
ablative abakukselta abakuksilta
allative abakukselle abakuksille
essive abakuksena abakuksina
translative abakukseksi abakuksiksi
abessive abakuksetta abakuksitta
instructive abakuksin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of abakus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative abakukseni abakukseni
accusative nom. abakukseni abakukseni
gen. abakukseni
genitive abakukseni abakusteni
abakuksieni
partitive abakustani abakuksiani
inessive abakuksessani abakuksissani
elative abakuksestani abakuksistani
illative abakukseeni abakuksiini
adessive abakuksellani abakuksillani
ablative abakukseltani abakuksiltani
allative abakukselleni abakuksilleni
essive abakuksenani abakuksinani
translative abakuksekseni abakuksikseni
abessive abakuksettani abakuksittani
instructive
comitative abakuksineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative abakuksesi abakuksesi
accusative nom. abakuksesi abakuksesi
gen. abakuksesi
genitive abakuksesi abakustesi
abakuksiesi
partitive abakustasi abakuksiasi
inessive abakuksessasi abakuksissasi
elative abakuksestasi abakuksistasi
illative abakukseesi abakuksiisi
adessive abakuksellasi abakuksillasi
ablative abakukseltasi abakuksiltasi
allative abakuksellesi abakuksillesi
essive abakuksenasi abakuksinasi
translative abakukseksesi abakuksiksesi
abessive abakuksettasi abakuksittasi
instructive
comitative abakuksinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative abakuksemme abakuksemme
accusative nom. abakuksemme abakuksemme
gen. abakuksemme
genitive abakuksemme abakustemme
abakuksiemme
partitive abakustamme abakuksiamme
inessive abakuksessamme abakuksissamme
elative abakuksestamme abakuksistamme
illative abakukseemme abakuksiimme
adessive abakuksellamme abakuksillamme
ablative abakukseltamme abakuksiltamme
allative abakuksellemme abakuksillemme
essive abakuksenamme abakuksinamme
translative abakukseksemme abakuksiksemme
abessive abakuksettamme abakuksittamme
instructive
comitative abakuksinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative abakuksenne abakuksenne
accusative nom. abakuksenne abakuksenne
gen. abakuksenne
genitive abakuksenne abakustenne
abakuksienne
partitive abakustanne abakuksianne
inessive abakuksessanne abakuksissanne
elative abakuksestanne abakuksistanne
illative abakukseenne abakuksiinne
adessive abakuksellanne abakuksillanne
ablative abakukseltanne abakuksiltanne
allative abakuksellenne abakuksillenne
essive abakuksenanne abakuksinanne
translative abakukseksenne abakuksiksenne
abessive abakuksettanne abakuksittanne
instructive
comitative abakuksinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative abakuksensa abakuksensa
accusative nom. abakuksensa abakuksensa
gen. abakuksensa
genitive abakuksensa abakustensa
abakuksiensa
partitive abakustaan
abakustansa
abakuksiaan
abakuksiansa
inessive abakuksessaan
abakuksessansa
abakuksissaan
abakuksissansa
elative abakuksestaan
abakuksestansa
abakuksistaan
abakuksistansa
illative abakukseensa abakuksiinsa
adessive abakuksellaan
abakuksellansa
abakuksillaan
abakuksillansa
ablative abakukseltaan
abakukseltansa
abakuksiltaan
abakuksiltansa
allative abakukselleen
abakuksellensa
abakuksilleen
abakuksillensa
essive abakuksenaan
abakuksenansa
abakuksinaan
abakuksinansa
translative abakuksekseen
abakukseksensa
abakuksikseen
abakuksiksensa
abessive abakuksettaan
abakuksettansa
abakuksittaan
abakuksittansa
instructive
comitative abakuksineen
abakuksinensa

Indonesian

edit
 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

edit

From Dutch abacus, from Latin abacus, abax; from Ancient Greek ἄβαξ (ábax, board covered with sand), possibly from a Semitic source; compare Hebrew אָבָק (avák, dust).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈaba.kʊs]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: aba‧kus

Noun

edit

abakus (first-person possessive abakusku, second-person possessive abakusmu, third-person possessive abakusnya)

  1. abacus:
    1. (arithmetic) calculating frame
      Synonyms: dekak-dekak, swipoa
      Synonym: sempoa (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)
    2. (architecture) the uppermost portion of the capital of a column. [from 1970s]

Proper noun

edit

abakus

  1. a global distribution system

Further reading

edit

Latvian

edit

Noun

edit

abakus m

  1. accusative plural of abaks

Malay

edit
 
abakus

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From English abacus, from Latin abacus, abax; from Ancient Greek ἄβαξ (ábax, board covered with sand), possibly from Hebrew אָבָק (avák, dust).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

abakus (Jawi spelling اباکوس)

  1. abacus (calculating frame)

Synonyms

edit

Norwegian Bokmål

edit
 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
A Chinese-style abacus with beads sliding on rods
An abacus is the uppermost portion of the capital of a column immediately under the architrave

Etymology

edit

From Latin abacus, abax (sideboard or table with a slab at the top; slab at the top of a column; counting board, sand table; board for playing games), from Ancient Greek ἄβαξ (ábax, counting board; board covered with sand for drawing; plate; dice-board), possibly from a Semitic source, such as Phoenician -𐤀‬𐤁𐤀‬𐤒 (-ʾ‬bʾ‬q) or Hebrew אָבָק (avák, dust).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈɑːbakʉs/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ʉs
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba‧kus

Noun

edit

abakus m (definite singular abakusen, indefinite plural abakuser, definite plural abakusene)

  1. (mathematics) abacus (an instrument used for performing arithmetical calculations, with beads sliding on rods, or counters in grooves, with one row of beads or counters representing units)
    • 2011 March 11, Aftenposten, page 8:
      en abakus, eller kuleramme, er en tidlig forløper til dagens kalkulator. Den første ble utviklet i Mesopotamia over 2000 år f. Kr.
      An abacus, or abacus, is an early precursor to today's calculator. The first was developed in Mesopotamia over 2000 BC.
    Abakus er nok en fortsettelse av tidligere tiders fingertelling eller daktylonomi
    Abacus is another continuation of the finger counting or dactylonomy of earlier times
    Synonym: kuleramme
  2. (architecture, art) abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column immediately under the architrave)
    • 1902, Lorentz Dietrichson, Omrids af den kirkelige Kunstarkæologi, page 34:
      den korinthiske [søyle], hvis abacus, bøiet og med afskaarne hjørner, bar en liden roset paa hver sides midte
      the Corinthian [pillar], whose abacus, bent and with truncated corners, bore a small rosette in the middle of each side
    Abakus er den øvre, plateformete delen av kapitélet på en søyle, som benyttes som opplagringspunkt for bjelker.
    The abacus is the upper, plate-shaped part of the capital of a pillar, which is used as a storage point for beams.

Derived terms

edit

References

edit

Norwegian Nynorsk

edit
 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology

edit

From Latin abacus.

Noun

edit

abakus m (definite singular abakusen, indefinite plural abakusar, definite plural abakusane)

  1. abacus (a counting frame)
    Synonym: kuleramme
  2. (architecture) abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column)

References

edit
  • See Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia (links above)

Polish

edit
 
abakus (1)
 
abakus (2)

Etymology

edit

Learned borrowing from Latin abacus,[1] from Ancient Greek ἄβαξ (ábax).[2]

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /aˈba.kus/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -akus
  • Syllabification: a‧ba‧kus

Noun

edit

abakus m inan

  1. abacus (a counting frame)
    Synonym: abak
  2. (architecture) abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column)
    spoczywać na abakusieto rest on an abacus

Declension

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “abakus”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “abakus”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN

Further reading

edit

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ǎbakus/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba‧kus

Noun

edit

àbakus m (Cyrillic spelling а̀бакус)

  1. abacus

Declension

edit

Slovak

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

abakus m inan (genitive singular abakusu, nominative plural abakusy, genitive plural abakusov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. abacus (a calculating table or frame)
    Synonym: počítadlo
  2. abacus (the uppermost portion of the capital of a column)

Declension

edit

References

edit
  • abakus”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish

edit
 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Noun

edit

abakus c

  1. abacus (a table or frame used for calculating)
    Synonym: kulram
  2. abacus (the uppermost member or division of the capital of a column)

Declension

edit
Declension of abakus 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative abakus abakusen abakusar abakusarna
Genitive abakus abakusens abakusars abakusarnas

References

edit

Tagalog

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from English abacus, from Latin abacus. Doublet of abako.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

ábakús (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜊᜃᜓᜐ᜔)

  1. abacus
    Synonym: abako

Further reading

edit
  • abakus”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Anagrams

edit

Zazaki

edit

Etymology

edit

Ultimately from Latin abacus.

Noun

edit

abakus m

  1. abacus