ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin acerbus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈt͡ʃɛr.bo/
  • Hyphenation: a‧cèr‧bo
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

acerbo (feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbi, feminine plural acerbe)

  1. unripe, premature
  2. acerbic, sour, bitter, harsh, crude
  3. hard, severe

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • acerbo in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From acerbus (harsh, bitter) +‎ .

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

acerbō (present infinitive acerbāre, perfect active acerbāvī, supine acerbātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I make harsh or bitter, embitter.
  2. (transitive) I augment or aggravate something disagreeable, make worse, exacerbate.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of acerbō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbō acerbās acerbat acerbāmus acerbātis acerbant
imperfect acerbābam acerbābās acerbābat acerbābāmus acerbābātis acerbābant
future acerbābō acerbābis acerbābit acerbābimus acerbābitis acerbābunt
perfect acerbāvī acerbāvistī acerbāvit acerbāvimus acerbāvistis acerbāvērunt, acerbāvēre
pluperfect acerbāveram acerbāverās acerbāverat acerbāverāmus acerbāverātis acerbāverant
future perfect acerbāverō acerbāveris acerbāverit acerbāverimus acerbāveritis acerbāverint
passive present acerbor acerbāris, acerbāre acerbātur acerbāmur acerbāminī acerbantur
imperfect acerbābar acerbābāris, acerbābāre acerbābātur acerbābāmur acerbābāminī acerbābantur
future acerbābor acerbāberis, acerbābere acerbābitur acerbābimur acerbābiminī acerbābuntur
perfect acerbātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect acerbātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect acerbātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbem acerbēs acerbet acerbēmus acerbētis acerbent
imperfect acerbārem acerbārēs acerbāret acerbārēmus acerbārētis acerbārent
perfect acerbāverim acerbāverīs acerbāverit acerbāverīmus acerbāverītis acerbāverint
pluperfect acerbāvissem acerbāvissēs acerbāvisset acerbāvissēmus acerbāvissētis acerbāvissent
passive present acerber acerbēris, acerbēre acerbētur acerbēmur acerbēminī acerbentur
imperfect acerbārer acerbārēris, acerbārēre acerbārētur acerbārēmur acerbārēminī acerbārentur
perfect acerbātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect acerbātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbā acerbāte
future acerbātō acerbātō acerbātōte acerbantō
passive present acerbāre acerbāminī
future acerbātor acerbātor acerbantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives acerbāre acerbāvisse acerbātūrum esse acerbārī acerbātum esse acerbātum īrī
participles acerbāns acerbātūrus acerbātus acerbandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
acerbandī acerbandō acerbandum acerbandō acerbātum acerbātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: acerbate, exacerbate

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin acerbus.

AdjectiveEdit

acerbo m (feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbos, feminine plural acerbas, comparable)

  1. acerb (bitter to the taste)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • acerbo” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin acerbus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

acerbo (feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbos, feminine plural acerbas)

  1. acerb (bitter to the taste)
  2. acerbic (sour or bitter)
  3. biting, scathing, acerbic

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit