See also: Arista and äristä

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin arista.

NounEdit

arista (plural aristae or aristas)

  1. (biology) One of the fibrils found on grains or fishes.
  2. (entomology) A bristle on the third segment of a fly's antenna.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

arista

  1. Elative plural form of arka.

VerbEdit

arista

  1. Indicative present connegative form of aristaa.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of aristaa.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of aristaa.

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly from Ancient Greek ἄρῐστος (áristos, the best), as it is considered the most prized cut of pig meat.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ta/
  • Hyphenation: à‧ri‧sta

NounEdit

arista f (plural ariste)

  1. pork loin
 
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Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin arista. Doublet of resta, which was inherited.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈris.ta/
  • Hyphenation: a‧rì‧sta

NounEdit

arista f (plural ariste)

  1. (biology, botany, zoology) arista
  2. (literary) awn, ear (of grain)
SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin is unknown. Sometimes thus called Etruscan, but this is in the first place not likely since the old Latins were agriculturalists nor are there formal grounds, compare Latin genista (broom) for this formation.

A derivation from Proto-Indo-European is likely, but concrete relations are unknown. Čop[1] has presented as cognates Lithuanian asȳs, esȳs, esiūklis, asiūklis (horsetail, equisetum), Latvian aši, ašas, ašavi, ašavas, ašenes, ašķi, ažģi (horsetail, equisetum) (elsewhere one lists a Latgalian ašķi (horsetail, equisetum) and puts to the forms also Thracian ἀσᾶ (ἀsᾶ, coltsfoot)[2]), Lithuanian asnìs, ašnìs (long, protruding hair of a fur animal; rye shoots; edge or sharpness of a scythe), Epic Greek ἤϊα (ḗïa, chaff; provisions), Irish eorna (barley) and Hittite [script needed] (ha-a-as /ḫās(s)-/, ashes; potash; soap), Hittite [script needed] (ha-a-su-wa-a-iSAR /ḫāsuwāi-/, soapwort; harmal), but Puhvel[3] finds these alleged cognates motley, and the Hittite word belongs to Proto-Indo-European *h₂eHs- related to burning and ashes, and the Irish word is from Proto-Celtic *yewos, from Proto-Indo-European *yéwos (barley) also in Proto-Indo-Iranian *yáwas (barley). But the comparison just to the Baltic horsetail-words was already made by Bezzenberger.[4]
A relation to arundō (reed) is somewhat likely, while its etymology is likewise unknown. A relation with Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (related to moving, rising) is considered.[5]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arista f (genitive aristae); first declension

  1. awn (beard of grain)
  2. ear of grain
  3. harvest; summer
  4. fishbone or a fibril thereof
  5. bristle (e.g. on a fly’s antenna – in Neo-Latin entomology)

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative arista aristae
Genitive aristae aristārum
Dative aristae aristīs
Accusative aristam aristās
Ablative aristā aristīs
Vocative arista aristae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Čop, Bojan (1970) , “Beiträge zur indogermanischen wortforschung VIII”, in Linguistica[1] (in German), volume X, issue 1, Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, pages 90–92 of 89–106
  2. ^ which one knows from Dioscórides 3.112 sub voce βήχιον – Tussilago farfara
  3. ^ Puhvel, Jaan (1991) Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 5), volume III, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 210–212
  4. ^ Bezzenberger, Adalbert (1897) Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 23, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, page 298 of 283–321
  5. ^ Meyer, Leo (1878) , “Elementum”, in Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 2, Göttingen: Robert Peppmüller, page 87 of 86–107

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin arista. Doublet of aresta, which was inherited.

NounEdit

arista f (plural aristas)

  1. (biology) arista (one of the fibrils found on grains or fishes)

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin arista. Doublet of aresta, which was inherited.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈɾista/, [aˈɾist̪a]

NounEdit

arista f

  1. (architecture) arris
  2. (geometry) edge (place where two faces of a polyhedron meet)
  3. (geology) arête

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit