From Middle English harvest, hervest, from Old English hærfest (“autumn, harvest-time; August”), from Proto-Germanic *harbistaz (“harvest-time, autumn, fall”), from *harbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kerp-. Cognate with Sylt Hārefst, West Frisian hjerst, Dutch herfst, German Herbst, Low German Harvst, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål høst, Norwegian Nynorsk haust; further with Latin carpere 'to seize', Greek καρπός (karpós, “fruit”), κείρω (keírō, “to cut off”).
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɑɹ.vəst/, /ˈhɑɹ.vɪst/
Audio (US) (file)
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɑːvɪst/, /ˈhɑːvəst/
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈhaːvəst/
harvest (plural harvests)
- (Britain dialectal) The third season of the year; autumn; fall.
- Harvest is usually very damp and rainy.
- The season of gathering ripened crops; specifically, the time of reaping and gathering grain.
- The process of gathering the ripened crop; harvesting.
- The yield of harvesting, i.e., the gathered crops or fruits.
- This year's cotton harvest was great but the corn harvest was disastrous.
- 1911, Jack London, The Whale Tooth
- The frizzle-headed man-eaters were loath to leave their fleshpots so long as the harvest of human carcases was plentiful. Sometimes, when the harvest was too plentiful, they imposed on the missionaries by letting the word slip out that on such a day there would be a killing and a barbecue.
- c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene v]:
- To glean the broken ears after the man / That the main harvest reaps.
- (by extension) The product or result of any exertion or course of action; reward or consequences.
- (paganism) A modern pagan ceremony held on or around the autumn equinox, which is in the harvesting season.
- 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 20, in The Dust of Conflict:
- Hester Earle and Violet Wayne were moving about the aisle with bundles of wheat-ears and streamers of ivy, for the harvest thanksgiving was shortly to be celebrated, while the vicar stood waiting for their directions on the chancel steps with a great handful of crimson gladioli.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- (transitive) To bring in a harvest; reap; glean.
- (intransitive) To be occupied bringing in a harvest
- Harvesting is a stressing, thirsty occupation
- (transitive) To win, achieve a gain.
- The rising star harvested well-deserved acclaim, even an Oscar under 21
- harvest bug
- harvest fish
- harvest fly
- harvest home
- harvest louse
- harvest mite
- harvest moon
- harvest mouse
- harvest queen
- harvest spider
- harvest time