aspirate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin aspīrātus.

PronunciationEdit

  • noun and adjective
    • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈæs.pəɹ.ət/, /ˈæs.pɪ.ɹət/, /ˈæs.pə.ɹɪt/
    • (file)
  • verb
    • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæs.pəɹ.eɪt/, /ˈæs.pɪ.ɹeɪt/
    • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæs.pə.ɹeɪt/, /ˈæs.pɪ.ɹeɪt/
    • (file)
  • (file)

NounEdit

aspirate (plural aspirates)

  1. (linguistics) The puff of air accompanying the release of a plosive consonant.
  2. (linguistics) A sound produced by such a puff of air.
    • 1972, Leonard R. Palmer, Descriptive and Comparative Linguistics, page 50
      We now come to the so-called aspirate [h], which must be also classified as a fricative consonant.
  3. A mark of aspiration (#) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.
    • a. 1742, Richard Bentley, letter to Dr. Mead
      But we must correct then twenty authors who have it in the compound απηθείν and απήθημα ; and not (as the aspirate would require it) åpnoelv and αφήθημα
  4. A sample of fluid, tissue, or other substance that is withdrawn from a body cavity, cyst, or tumor.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

aspirate (third-person singular simple present aspirates, present participle aspirating, simple past and past participle aspirated)

  1. (transitive) To remove a liquid or gas by means of suction.
    • 2003, Miep H. Helfrich et al. (eds.), Bone Research Protocols, page 430
      Scrape cells using a cell scraper and aspirate the resulting slurry into a 2.0-mL Eppendorf tube.
  2. (transitive) To inhale so as to draw something other than air into one's lungs.
  3. (transitive, intransitive, linguistics) To produce an audible puff of breath. especially following a consonant.
    • 1887, James Frederick Hodgetts, Greater England, page 33
      There is no doubt that the uncertainty about the letter H, which much defaces English in some classes of the community, is due entirely to Norman influence, for Frenchmen could not aspirate. Three words—hour, honor, heir, with compounds of them such as hourly, honourable, heirship, and the like, are quite enough to puzzle people who find H sometimes sounded, sometimes not.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

aspirate (comparative more aspirate, superlative most aspirate)

  1. Synonym of aspirated.

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

aspirate

  1. inflection of aspirare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 2Edit

ParticipleEdit

aspirate f pl

  1. feminine plural of aspirato

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

aspīrāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of aspīrō