See also: Aurum

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin aurum (gold). Doublet of or.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɔː.ɹəm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɔɹ.əm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹəm

Noun edit

aurum (uncountable)

  1. gold, used in the names of various substances (see Derived terms)
  2. An Italian liqueur

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Malay: aurum

Latin edit

 
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Chemical element
Au
Previous: platinum (Pt)
Next: hydrargyrum (Hg)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Rhoticization of Old Latin ausum, from Proto-Italic *auzom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂é-h₂us-óm (gold), from *h₂ews- (to dawn, become light, become red). Cognate with Lithuanian áuksas, Old Lithuanian ausas, Old Prussian ausis, Tocharian A wäs, Tocharian B yasā.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aurum n (genitive aurī); second declension

  1. gold (as mineral or metal)
  2. gold (colour)
  3. any object made of gold, such as a gold coin or a gold ring
  4. lustre
  5. a Golden Age

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative aurum
Genitive aurī
Dative aurō
Accusative aurum
Ablative aurō
Vocative aurum

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 63

Further reading edit

  • aurum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aurum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • aurum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • aurum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Malay edit

Chemical element
Au
Previous: platinum (Pt)
Next: perak cergas (Hg)

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English aurum, from Latin aurum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aurum (Jawi spelling اٴوروم, informal 1st possessive aurumku, 2nd possessive aurummu, 3rd possessive aurumnya)

  1. gold (element)

Synonyms edit

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

aurum

  1. dative plural of eyrir