From Ancient Greek αὐτονομία (autonomía), from αὐτόνομος (autónomos), from αὐτός (autós, “self”) + νόμος (nómos, “law”). Surface analysis auto- (“self”) + -nomy (“a system of rules or laws about a particular field”).
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- Self-government; freedom to act or function independently.
- (philosophy) The capacity to make an informed, uncoerced decision.
- (mechanics) The capacity of a system to make a decision about its actions without the involvement of another system or operator.
- (Christianity) The status of a church whose highest-ranking bishop is appointed by the patriarch of the mother church, but which is self-governing in all other respects. Compare autocephaly.
- (self-government): dependency, nonautonomy, inoperability
- (capacity to make independent decisions): heteronomy, incapacity
capacity for individual decision