Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A nominalized version of an earlier adjective biedrs “bound, linked”, from Proto-Baltic *bend- with an extra (adjectivizing) -ro (cf. stipt(to become rigid, to harden) : stiprs(strong), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ-(to join, to bind, to tie), whence also Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌽(bindan), Old High German bintan, German binden, English bind. Cognates include Lithuanian beñdras(comrade, participant; (adj.) common, shared).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

biedrs m (1st declension, feminine form: biedre or biedrene)

  1. (male) colleague, mate, comrade (a person with whom one works, studies, together, e.g. as part of a group or team)
    darba biedrs‎ ― workmate
    cīņu biedrs‎ ― comrade-in-arms (lit. fight, struggle mate)
    klases biedrs, skolas biedrs‎ ― classmate, schoolmate
  2. (male) companion, mate, fellow (a person with whom one spends time, travels, plays, lives)
    istabas biedrs‎ ― roommate
    ceļa biedrs, ceļabiedrs‎ ― fellow traveller
    sarunu biedrs‎ ― interlocutor (lit. conversation mate)
    dzīves biedrs, dzīvesbiedrs‎ ― husband, spouse (lit. life mate)
    laika biedrs, laikabiedrs‎ ― contemporary (lit. time mate)
    satikt bērnu dienu rotaļu biedru‎ ― to meet a childhood playmate
    Ceplis uzmeta zīmīgu skatienu pārējiem galda biedriem‎ ― Ceplis cast a significant look at (his) other table mates
  3. (of organizations) (male) member, fellow
    (komunistiskās) partijas biedrs‎ ― (communist) party member
    arodbiedrības biedri‎ ― union members
    biedra karte‎ ― member(ship) card
    uzņemt jaunus biedrus organizācijā‎ ― to receive new members into the organization
    maksāt biedru naudu‎ ― to pay a membership fee
    goda biedrs, godabiedrs‎ ― honorary member
  4. (dated, during Soviet occupation) (male) comrade (generic form of address to people with whom the speaker is not personally acquainted)
    godājamie biedri!‎ ― honorable comrades!
    sanāksmē piedalījās biedrs Alksnis‎ ― comrade Alksnis participated in the meeting
    biedrs profesors izteica interesantu priekšlikumu‎ ― comrade professor made an interesting proposal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “biedrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7