See also: biežs

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *benž-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ-(thick, tight), from *bʰen-(to hit, to injure) (with the meaning evolving from “to hit” > “to swell,” “swollen” > “thick”). Cognates include Old Norse bingr(stack, heap), Old High German bungo(ball, tangle), Hittite panku-s(whole, shared, united), Sanskrit बहुः(bahúḥ, much, many; great), Ancient Greek παχύς(pakhús, thick, tight), Latin pīnguis(fat, thick) (< *finguis, influenced by *pīmos “fat”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

biezs (def. biezais, comp. biezāks, sup. visbiezākais; adv. biezi)

  1. thick, dense (made of many component elements, all very close to one another)
    biezs krūmājs‎ ― thick underbrush
    bieza kūla‎ ― thick old grass
    bieza sūna‎ ― thick moss
    biezi mati‎ ― thick hair
    bieza cilvēku drūzma‎ ― thick crowd
    biezs siļķu bars‎ ― thick group, school of herring
  2. (of gases, fog, smoke, etc.) thick, dense, concentrated
    biezi tvaika mutuļi‎ ― thick puffs of vapor
    biezā rudens rīta migla‎ ― thick autumn morning mist
    dūmu mutuļi kļuva arvien biezāki un tumšāki‎ ― the puffs of smoke became thicker and darker
  3. (of liquids) thick, viscous (flowing slowly, with difficulty)
    biezs medus, krējums‎ ― thick honey, cream
    ūdens ezerā ir melns kā darva un biezs kā auzu ķīselis‎ ― the water in (that) lake is black as tar and thick as oaātmeal jelly
  4. (of night, darkness) thick, dark
    vakara krēsla kļuva arvien biezāka‎ ― the twilight became thicker
    tumsa bija tik bieza, ka saredzēt nekā nevarēja‎ ― the darkness was so thick that it was impossible to look around
  5. (of leaf-like objects) thick (having a large cross-section)
    bieza siena, grāmata‎ ― thick wall, book
    biezs dēlis, papīrs‎ ― thick board, paper
    biezas lūpas‎ ― thick lips
  6. (with indication of thickness) thick
    0,5 milimetri biezs skārds‎ ― 5mm-thick metal sheet
    vairākus metrus bieza smilts u māla kārta‎ ― a many-meter-thick layer of sand and clay
  7. (of fabric, knitting, clothes) thick, tight (not thin; also, such that there is little space between the threads)
    bieza jaka‎ ― thick jacket
    biezs audekls‎ ― thick canvas
    viņai bija milzīgi garš, biezs sēru šķidrauts, kas tik pamatīgi aizsedza seju‎ ― she had a very long, thick veil that thoroughly hid her face

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (of "dense", "thick", "with little intermediate space"): blīvs
  • (of "thick hair"): ciets
  • (of "tight"): ciešs
  • (of cylindrical objects): resns

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “biezs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7