Borrowed from French bureau (“desk”, earlier “coarse cloth (as desk cover), baize”), from Old French burel (“woolen cloth”), diminutive of *bure (compare Middle French bure (“coarse woolen cloth”), French bourre (“hair, fluff”)), from Late Latin burra (“wool, fluff, shaggy cloth, coarse fabric”); akin to Ancient Greek βερβέριον (berbérion, “shabby garment”).
buro (plural buros)
- an office
1998 May 13, “More than 9000 Basotho Gold Miners Retrenched”, in ANC Dailey News Briefing:
- … an employment buro said on Tuesday. The retrenchments took place between November last year and March 1998, the Employment Buro of Africa's regional manager, Chris Hechter said.
2008 February 19, Alejandro López de Haro, Jr., “Fidel Castro Steps Down”, in Ground Report, retrieved 2012-09-14:
- … a member of both the council of ministers and the Cuban Communist Party's political buro.
- a desk, usually with a cover and compartments for storing papers etc. located above the level of the writing surface rather than underneath.
1902, Bill Arp, From the Uncivil War to Date, HTML edition, Univ. of North Carolina, published 1998:
- Mrs. Arp opens her school and stands 'em up by the buro to say their lessons.
- (US) a Chest of drawers for clothes
1885, Marietta Holley, Sweet Cicely, Online edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2005:
- And I went up into the spare chamber, and sort o' fixed Philury's things to the best advantage; for I knew the neighbors would be in to look at 'em. And I was a standin' there as calm and happy as the buro or table, ...
1998 May, Phil D. Zimmerman, “The Stratford, Connecticut, bureau table: A re-examination”, in Antiques, volume 153, number 5, page 740:
- One can only speculate about the appearance of the "New-fashion buro" advertised for sale in the Boaton Gazette of May 1, 1750.
- Nonstandard spelling of bureau.