Galician edit

Galician numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90  ←  99 100 200  → [a], [b] 1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal (standard): (alone or followed by a noun or higher numeral) cen
    Cardinal (reintegrationist): (alone or followed by a noun or higher numeral) cem
    Cardinal: (followed by a lower numeral) cento
    Ordinal: centésimo
    Ordinal abbreviation: 100º
    Fractional: centésimo

Alternative forms edit

  • cento (combining form only)

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese cen, from cento, from Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

 
  • IPA(key): (standard) /ˈθeŋ/ [ˈθeŋ]
  • IPA(key): (seseo) /ˈseŋ/ [ˈseŋ]

  • Rhymes: -eŋ
  • Hyphenation: cen

Numeral edit

cen (indeclinable)

  1. one hundred; 100

Usage notes edit

The indeclinable form cen means "one hundred" only. To say "one hundred one", the combining form cento is used, as cento un or cento unha. Likewise, "one hundred thirty" is cento trinta, and "one hundred fifty-four" is cento cincuenta e catro.

See also edit

Further reading edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

cen

  1. Nonstandard spelling of cēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of cén.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *kiʀn.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ċēn m

  1. (poetic) torch
  2. the runic character (/k/ or /tʃ/)

Synonyms edit

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *kina (on this side of), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (this, here); compare Breton ken (otherwise).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

cen (governs the accusative; triggers lenition)

  1. except
  2. without
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 20d4
      Cía ru·bé cen ní diib, ní·rubai cenaib huli.
      Though he might be without some of them, he could not be without all of them.
  3. not to (followed by a verbal noun)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 9c20
      cid atob·aich cen dílgud cech ancridi do·gnethe frib, et ní bethe fria acre
      what impels you pl not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you, and that you should not be about to sue [because of] it?

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Irish: gan
  • Manx: gyn
  • Scottish Gaelic: gun

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cen chen cen
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡sɛn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛn
  • Syllabification: cen

Noun edit

cen f

  1. genitive plural of cena

Volapük edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English change.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cen (nominative plural cens)

  1. change, transition, turn

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *kenni- (skin) (compare Cornish kenn (film, skin (on liquid); peel), Breton kenn (scurf, dandruff), Old Irish ceinn (scale)), from Proto-Indo-European *sken- (to split off) (compare German schinden (to strip, peel; skin)); further to Cornish skans (fish scales), Breton skant (fish scales), Irish scain (to tear, burst).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cen m (plural cennau)

  1. (dermatology) scurf, dandruff
    Synonyms: marwdon, sgrwff
  2. (biology) scale (on fish, bud)
    Synonym: cennyn
  3. (chemistry) scale, scurf, fur (in pipe, boiler, furnace, kettle)
    Synonym: calch
  4. (mycology) lichen
    Synonym: cen y cerrig

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cen gen nghen chen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.