Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin cēna.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cena f (plural cenes)

  1. (Christianity, often capitalized) Ellipsis of Santa Cena; Last Supper
  2. (archaic) Synonym of sopar (supper)

Further reading edit

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech cěna, from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛna]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛna

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price
  2. prize

Declension edit

Related terms edit

verbs

Further reading edit

  • cena in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • cena in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • cena in Internetová jazyková příručka

Gallurese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Classical Latin cēna, from Old Latin cesna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-sneh₂ (portion), derived from the root *(s)kert- (to cut), from *(s)ker-

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cena f (plural ceni)

  1. dinner

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mauro Maxia (2012) Fonetica storica del gallurese e delle altre varietà sardocorse, Editrice Taphros, →ISBN

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃe.na/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Hyphenation: cé‧na

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-. Compare Spanish cena and Portuguese ceia.

Noun edit

cena f (plural cene)

  1. dinner (evening meal)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

cena

  1. inflection of cenare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sʲɛna/
  • Syllabification: ce‧na

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)
  2. value (meaning of something)

Derived terms edit

nouns
verbs

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893), “cena”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego, page 16
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “cena”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi
  • cena”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Latin cesna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā (compare Umbrian śesna, Oscan kersnu), from Proto-Indo-European *kért-sneh₂ (portion), from root *(s)kert- (to cut), from *(s)ker- (compare Lithuanian kérti, Armenian քերթել (kʿertʿel, to skin), Sanskrit कृन्तति (kṛntáti, he cuts (in pieces))).[1] Related to cortex, scortum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cēna f (genitive cēnae); first declension

  1. dinner, supper, principal meal (anciently taken at noon, afterwards later)
  2. (Medieval Latin, law, historical) gwestva (a duty levied by Welsh kings twice a year upon the free men of their kingdom)

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēna cēnae
Genitive cēnae cēnārum
Dative cēnae cēnīs
Accusative cēnam cēnās
Ablative cēnā cēnīs
Vocative cēna cēnae

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tsinã
    • Romanian: cină
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
    • Franco-Provençal: céna (dialectal)
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
    • Sardinian: chena (Logudorese), cena (Campidanese)
Borrowings

Verb edit

cēnā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cēnō

References edit

  • cena”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cena”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the main dish: caput cenae (Fin. 2. 8. 25)
    • to invite some one to dinner: aliquem vocare, invitare ad cenam
    • to accept an invitiation to dinner: promittere (ad cenam) (Off. 3. 14. 58)
    • during dinner; at table: inter cenam, inter epulas
    • to invite oneself to some one's house for dinner: condicere alicui (ad cenam)
    • to welcome some one to one's table: adhibere aliquem cenae or ad cenam, convivio or in convivium
    • to set a repast before a person: cenam alicui apponere
  • cena”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 106.

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Slavic *cěna.

Noun edit

cena f (4th declension)

  1. price

Declension edit

Old Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna. The shift from cana to cena was a generalization of forms such as w cenie, cenić, etc. First attested in the 15th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /t͡sɛːna/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /t͡sena/

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price, value
    • 1874-1891 [15th century], Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzeń Wydziału Filologicznego Akademii Umiejętności, volume XXIV, page 64:
      Sine omni taxa czany
      [Sine omni taxa cany]

Derived terms edit

verbs

Descendants edit

References edit

Old Slovak edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna. First attested in 1473.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)
  2. value (meaning of something)

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “cena”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volume 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish cena.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)
  2. value (meaning of something)
    Synonym: wartość
  3. (Middle Polish, mathematics) value; size (size of a number; property of measurability)
    Synonym: wielkość

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs
verbs

Related terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), cena is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 15 times in scientific texts, 25 times in news, 58 times in essays, 4 times in fiction, and 12 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 114 times, making it the 531st most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “cena”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 42

Further reading edit

  • cena in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cena in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • 1. cena”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • Krystyna Siekierska (30.01.2019), “CENA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “cena”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “cena”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “cena”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 262
  • cena in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin scaena.

Pronunciation edit

 

Noun edit

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. scene
  2. stage
    Synonym: palco
    em cenaon stage
  3. (Portugal, informal) thing
    Synonyms: coisa, (Brazil) negócio

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cena.

Sassarese edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cena f (plural ceni)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of zena (dinner)

References edit

  1. ^ Mauro Maxia (2012) Fonetica storica del gallurese e delle altre varietà sardocorse, Editrice Taphros, →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian edit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡sěːna/
  • Hyphenation: ce‧na

Noun edit

céna f (Cyrillic spelling це́на)

  1. price
  2. value, worth

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish cena.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sɛna/
  • Rhymes: -ɛna
  • Syllabification: ce‧na

Noun edit

cena f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)
    • 2018, Waldemar Szymczyk, editor, 9292[2], →ISBN, archived from the original on 12 November 2022, page 22:
      Na fejsbuku to wy mi ceny jajec abo masła niy łobniżycie.
      You all won't lower the price of eggs or butter for me on Facebook.

Slovak edit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Slovak cena, from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cena f (genitive singular ceny, nominative plural ceny, genitive plural cien, declension pattern of žena)

  1. price
  2. value (meaning of something)
  3. reward, prize
  4. (sports) trophy; competition

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • cena”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cẹ́na f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. céna
gen. sing. céne
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
céna céni céne
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
céne cén cén
dative
(dajȃlnik)
céni cénama cénam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
céno céni céne
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
céni cénah cénah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
céno cénama cénami

Further reading edit

  • cena”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθena/ [ˈθe.na]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsena/ [ˈse.na]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Syllabification: ce‧na

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-.

Noun edit

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. supper, dinner
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

cena

  1. inflection of cenar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit