chastise

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • chastize (archaic in British English and rare in American English)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English chastisen, from Old French chastier, from Latin castīgō. See also the doublets chasten and castigate and cf. also chaste.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

chastise (third-person singular simple present chastises, present participle chastising, simple past and past participle chastised)

  1. To punish (someone), especially by corporal punishment.
    • 1809, Flavius Josephus, The first eleven books of the Antiquities of the Jews, with a table of the Jewish coins, weights and measures, page 402:
      and if his father had chastised them with whips, they must expect that he would do it with scorpions.
    • 2018, Nyx Smith, Shadowrun Legends: Striper Assassin, Catalyst Game Labs
      “There is a man who must be chastised,” she says softly, lightly. “Chastised in a physical way. It should not be difficult. Not for you.”
  2. To castigate; to severely scold or censure (someone).
  3. To lightly criticize or correct (someone).
    • 2002, Eric Porter, What Is This Thing Called Jazz?: African American Musicians as Artists, Critics, and Activists, Univ of California Press, →ISBN, page 50:
      While Ellington voiced praise and respect for Benny Goodman and some white bandleaders, he gently chastised others for profiting from “musical-simplification to the 'nth' degree” and “reach[ing] a pleasing musical middle.”
    • 2011, Patricia Colton, The Window Blind, AuthorHouse, →ISBN, page 496:
      “You're not insensitive,” she lightly chastised. “I love you.” “Love you too.”
    • 2017, Ava Stone, A Scandalous Ruse:
      “Greg,” she lightly chastised. “You're not supposed to move your lips.” “Yes, I know. I'm a horrible subject. But do answer the question, Bella.”
    • 2019, Eliza Ellis, Hers to Kiss, Eliza Ellis
      “You could've trusted me,” Pete gently chastised. “I can handle it.” He sat on the edge of her bed. “I was afraid to, honey. I know how stressed you've been with the camp []

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit