Bulgarian

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Etymology

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From Old Church Slavonic бити (biti), from Proto-Slavic *biti.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈbijɐ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Syllabification: би‧я
  • Rhymes: -ijɐ

Verb

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би́я (bíja) first-singular present indicativeimpf

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to beat, to thrash (to hit repeatedly)
    Synonym: удрям (udrjam)
    В сиропиталището децата са били редовно бити.
    V siropitališteto decata sa bili redovno biti.
    At the orphanage the children were regularly beaten.
    Дъждът биеше по прозорците.
    Dǎždǎt bieše po prozorcite.
    The rain was beating against the windows.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) to shoot (to hunt and kill animals)
  3. (intransitive) to fire, to shell (to shoot at)
    Synonyms: стрелям (streljam), обстрелвам (obstrelvam)
  4. (transitive, intransitive) to beat, to ring, to throb (to strike or pound repeatedly, usually in some sort of rhythm)
    бия барабани
    bija barabani
    to beat drums
    Сърцето му все още бие.
    Sǎrceto mu vse ošte bie.
    His heart is still beating.
    Църковните камбани биха на Коледа.
    Cǎrkovnite kambani biha na Koleda.
    The church bells rang at Christmas.
  5. (transitive) to whip, to whisk, to churn (to mix food in a rapid aerating fashion)
    бия белтъци
    bija beltǎci
    to whisk egg whites
    бия мляко, за да направя масло
    bija mljako, za da napravja maslo
    to churn milk in order to make butter
  6. (transitive) to strike (to hit or kick a ball)
    бия наказателен удар
    bija nakazatelen udar
    to perform a penalty kick
  7. (transitive, intransitive) to beat, to win (to defeat somebody)
    Synonym: побеждавам (pobeždavam)
    Той ме би на шах.
    Toj me bi na šah.
    He beat me at chess.
    Ян с лекота би Джон на тенис.
    Jan s lekota bi Džon na tenis.
    Jan had little trouble beating John in tennis.
  8. (intransitive) to try to say something in an indirect way
    Не разбирам на къде биеш.
    Ne razbiram na kǎde bieš.
    I don't know what you're driving at.
  9. (intransitive, of a colour) to have a particular tint
    нещо бие на синьо
    nešto bie na sinjo
    something has a bluish tint
  10. (intransitive) to shine very brightly and unpleasantly, blindingly
    Лампата бие в очите ми.
    Lampata bie v očite mi.
    The lamp is shining in my eyes [blinding me].
  11. (reflexive with се) to fight [+ със (object)]
    Бия се ден и нощ с хакери.
    Bija se den i nošt s hakeri.
    I fight day and night against hackers.
    Лъвът се би два дена срещу тигъра и най-сетне спечели.
    Lǎvǎt se bi dva dena sreštu tigǎra i naj-setne spečeli.
    The lion fought for two days against the tiger and finally won.

Conjugation

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References

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  • бия”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • бия”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010