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English

Etymology 1

From Latin corium (leather).

Noun

corium (plural coriums or coria)

  1. (anatomy) The inner layer of skin, the dermis.
  2. (anatomy) The deep layer of mucous membranes beneath the epithelium.
  3. (historical) Armour made of leather, particularly that used by the Romans.
    • 1825, Thomas Dudley Fosbroke, Encyclopaedia of antiquities, and elements of archaeology, classical and mediæval
      Passing by the Corium Bubulum of the Classical Ancients, we see in an old charter, dated 1036, "Stallus Sutoris Vaccæ," i. e. the stall of a shoe-maker who used cow-skin.

Etymology 2

core +‎ -ium

Noun

corium (uncountable)

  1. (nuclear physics) The lavalike material produced in a nuclear meltdown.
    • Franklin Chung and L.E. Hochreiter (1991) Numerical modelling of basic heat transfer phenomena in nuclear systems, page 32: “Previous studies of the thermal behavior of corium in a degraded nuclear reactor have focussed primarily on the process of heat transfer within the corium.”
    • 2009, Wei Wei and Xin-rong Cao, "The Simulation of Corium Dispersion in Direct Containment Heating Accidents", Zero Carbon Energy Kyoto 2009.
    • 2011, C. Journeau and M. Ficsher, Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors: Severe Accident Phenomenology, page 569:
      As a result, dedicated core catchers have been designed that can gather the corium and cool it safely.

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-.

Pronunciation

Noun

corium n (genitive coriī); second declension

  1. skin; hide
  2. leather belt, whip
  3. crust, coat, peel, shell
  4. upper layer

Inflection

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative corium coria
genitive coriī coriōrum
dative coriō coriīs
accusative corium coria
ablative coriō coriīs
vocative corium coria

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • corium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • corium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “corium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • corium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • corium in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly