See also: Core, CORE, Coré, côre, córę, çore, -core, and co-r.e.

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English core, kore, coor (apple-core, pith), of uncertain origin; either from Old Irish cride, from Proto-Celtic *kridyom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr. Possibly Old French cuer (heart), from Latin cor (heart); or from Old French cors (body), from Latin corpus (body). Compare also Middle English colk, coke, coll (the heart or centre of an apple or onion, core). See also heart, corpse.

NounEdit

core (countable and uncountable, plural cores)

  1. The central part of a fruit, containing the kernels or seeds.
    the core of an apple or quince
  2. The heart or inner part of a physical thing.
    • 2013 March 1, Nancy Langston, “Mining the Boreal North”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 2, page 98:
      Reindeer are well suited to the taiga’s frigid winters. They can maintain a thermogradient between body core and the environment of up to 100 degrees, in part because of insulation provided by their fur, and in part because of counter-current vascular heat exchange systems in their legs and nasal passages.
  3. The center or inner part of a space or area.
  4. The most important part of a thing; the essence.
    • 2012 May 24, Nathan Rabin, “Film: Reviews: Men In Black 3”, in The Onion AV Club:
      Jones’ sad eyes betray a pervasive pain his purposefully spare dialogue only hints at, while the perfectly cast Brolin conveys hints of playfulness and warmth while staying true to the craggy stoicism at the character’s core.
    • 2018, Clarence Green; James Lambert, “Advancing disciplinary literacy through English for academic purposes: Discipline-specific wordlists, collocations and word families for eight secondary subjects”, in Journal of English for Academic Purposes, volume 35, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2018.07.004, page 107:
      General vocabulary is often defined as a common core of English words and operationalized as the most frequent words in a balanced and representative corpus of English.
    the core of a subject
  5. (botany) Used to designate the main and most diverse monophyletic group within a clade or taxonomic group.
  6. (engineering) The portion of a mold that creates an internal cavity within a casting or that makes a hole in or through a casting.
  7. The bony process which forms the central axis of the horns in many animals.
  8. (computing, informal, historical) Ellipsis of core memory; magnetic data storage.
  9. (computer hardware) An individual computer processor, in the sense when several processors (called cores or CPU cores) are plugged together in one single integrated circuit to work as one (called a multi-core processor).
    I wanted to play a particular computer game, which required I buy a new computer, so while the game said it needed at least a dual-core processor, I wanted my computer to be a bit ahead of the curve, so I bought a quad-core.
  10. (engineering) The material between surface materials in a structured composite sandwich material.
    a floor panel with a Nomex honeycomb core
  11. (engineering, nuclear physics) The inner part of a nuclear reactor, in which the nuclear reaction takes place.
  12. (military) The central fissile portion of a fission weapon.
    In a hollow-core design, neutrons escape from the core more readily, allowing more fissile material to be used (and thus allowing for a greater yield) while still keeping the core subcritical prior to detonation.
  13. A piece of ferromagnetic material (e.g., soft iron), inside the windings of an electromagnet, that channels the magnetic field.
  14. A disorder of sheep caused by worms in the liver.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  15. A cylindrical sample of rock or other materials obtained by core drilling.
  16. (medicine) A tiny sample of organic material obtained by means of a fine-needle biopsy.
  17. (biochemistry) The central part of a protein's structure, consisting mostly of hydrophobic amino acids.
  18. (game theory) The set of feasible allocations that cannot be improved upon by a subset (a coalition) of the economy's agents.
  19. (printing) A hollow cylindrical piece of cardboard around which a web of paper or plastic is wound.
  20. (physics) An atomic nucleus plus inner electrons (i.e., an atom, except for its valence electrons).

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from core (noun)
Related termsEdit
Terms related to core (noun)
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

core (not comparable)

  1. Forming the most important or essential part.
    • 2009, Greg Hayes, A Practical Guide to Business Valuations for SMEs, page 68:
      Privately held businesses may hold assets or have charges to their financial statements which are not core to their main business activity.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. Piling debt onto companies’ balance-sheets is only a small part of what leveraged buy-outs are about, they insist. Improving the workings of the businesses they take over is just as core to their calling, if not more so. Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster.
    • 2018, Clarence Green; James Lambert, “Advancing disciplinary literacy through English for academic purposes: Discipline-specific wordlists, collocations and word families for eight secondary subjects”, in Journal of English for Academic Purposes, volume 35, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2018.07.004, page 106:
      These lists cover important vocabulary from eight core subjects that students need to master during secondary education: Biology, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geology, History, Mathematics, and Physics.

VerbEdit

core (third-person singular simple present cores, present participle coring, simple past and past participle cored)

  1. To remove the core of an apple or other fruit.
  2. To extract a sample with a drill.
Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See corps

NounEdit

core (plural cores)

  1. (obsolete) A body of individuals; an assemblage.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See chore

NounEdit

core (plural cores)

  1. A miner's underground working time or shift[1].
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Hebrew כֹּר

NounEdit

core (plural cores)

  1. (historical units of measure) Alternative form of cor: a former Hebrew and Phoenician unit of volume.

Etymology 5Edit

Possibly an acronym for cash on return

NounEdit

core (plural cores)

  1. (automotive, machinery, aviation, marine) A deposit paid by the purchaser of a rebuilt part, to be refunded on return of a used, rebuildable part, or the returned rebuildable part itself.


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1881, Rossiter W. Raymond, A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms

AnagramsEdit


IstriotEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cor. Compare Italian cuore.

NounEdit

core

  1. heart
    • Ti son la manduleîna del mio core;
      You are the almond of my heart;

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

core (core)

  1. Archaic form of cuore.

LatinEdit

NounEdit

core

  1. ablative singular of coris

NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cor. Compare Italian cuore.

NounEdit

core m (plural core)

  1. heart
    T'alluntane da stu coreYou are walking away from this heart

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English core.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

core m (plural cores)

  1. (computer architecture) core (independent unit in a processor with several such units)
    Synonym: núcleo

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

core

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of corar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of corar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of corar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of corar