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DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsxeː.rə(n)/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sche‧ren
  • Rhymes: -eːrən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch schēren, from Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

VerbEdit

scheren

  1. to shave (reflexive pronouns are used for self-directed actions)
    hij scheert zich nuhe's shaving now
    de arts scheerde de huid rond the wond van de patiëntthe doctor shaved the skin around the patient's wound
  2. to shear
    morgen gaan ze de schapen scherenthey will shear the sheep tomorrow
InflectionEdit
Inflection of scheren (strong class 4)
infinitive scheren
past singular schoor
past participle geschoren
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer schoor
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (u) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert schoort
3rd person singular scheert schoor
plural scheren schoren
subjunctive sing.1 schere schore
subjunctive plur.1 scheren schoren
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend geschoren
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: skeer
  • Sranan Tongo: sker

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

scheren

  1. to skim, fleet; to go over something really quickly
InflectionEdit
Inflection of scheren (weak)
infinitive scheren
past singular scheerde
past participle gescheerd
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer scheerde
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (u) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert scheerde
3rd person singular scheert scheerde
plural scheren scheerden
subjunctive sing.1 schere scheerde
subjunctive plur.1 scheren scheerden
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend gescheerd
1) Archaic.

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

scheren

  1. Plural form of scheer

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old High German skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut). Akin to Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, West Frisian skeare, English shear, Danish skære.

VerbEdit

scheren (class 4 strong, third-person singular simple present schert, schiert, past tense schor, past participle geschoren, past subjunctive schöre, auxiliary haben) (transitive)

  1. (transitive) to shear (sheep)
    • 1813 July 19, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen[1], page 1151–1152:
      Unser Verfasser widerspricht hier einer Meinung einiger Naturforscher (…), daß durch das öftere Abschneiden zwar das einzelne Haar an Stärke zunehme, aber die Anzahl der einzelnen Haare darum nicht wachse. Wäre diese Behauptung richtig, so müßte die Wolle von zweyschurigen Schafen gröber seyn, als von einschurigen, und die Wolle müßte um so feiner seyn, je seltener man die Schafe schiert.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (transitive) to clip; to prune (a hedge)
  3. (transitive) to cut; to trim (hair, especially beardhair)
  4. (transitive) to bother (someone); to trouble (someone)
  5. (reflexive, colloquial, with um) to care (about something); to mind (something)
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Of uncertain origin. First attested in the 15th century, in the sense of "to hurry off, to escape". [1]

VerbEdit

scheren (third-person singular simple present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to go into a certain direction
  2. (transitive, geometry) to shear, to apply a shearing transformation to (displacing each point of a geometric figure in fixed direction by an amount proportional to its signed distance, thus preserving the area of the figure.)
    ein Rechteck zu einem Parallelogramm scherento shear a rectangle into a parallelogram
    ein geschertes Rechteck verwandelt sich in ein Parallelogramma sheared rectangle is transformed into a parallelogram
    Objekte können mit der Maus skaliert, gedreht und geschert werdenobjects can be scaled, rotated and sheared with the mouse
  3. (reflexive, colloquial) to scram; to beat it (often as wegscheren)
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Corruption of the strong verb.

VerbEdit

scheren (third-person singular simple present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bother (someone); to trouble (someone)
  2. (reflexive, colloquial, with um) to care (about something); to mind (something)
    sich einen Dreck scheren umto not give a damn about
    Es schert mich einen Dreck!I don't give a damn!
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • scheren” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • scheren in Duden online (strong and weak verb)
  • scheren in Duden online (strong and weak verb)
  • scheren in Duden online (weak verb)
  • scheren in Duden online (weak verb)

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

VerbEdit

schēren

  1. to shave

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • scheren (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • scheren (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English sċieran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

scheren

  1. To cut; to slash or slice with a blade or sharp edge:
    1. To injure or hurt by slicing; to cause injury or hurting.
    2. To slice as to split or open; to chop or dice up.
    3. To dice or slice ingredients or comestibles.
    4. To chop off; to sunder or remove by slicing.
    5. To harvest crops or grain; to slice plants.
    6. To shear; to remove hair, fur, or wool:
      1. To remove one's hair; to have one's hair shaved.
      2. To shave the crown of the head; to induct into
      3. (rare) To shear or shave fabric.
  2. To split up; to share out or disunite.
  3. To leave or walk away; to make one's departure.
  4. To make an sign or mark on something, especially via indentation.
  5. (rare) To work or craft a metal object.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

This verb is occasionally weak, but generally remains strong throughout the Middle English period.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit