LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From dē- +‎ fīgō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dēfīgō (present infinitive dēfīgere, perfect active dēfīxī, supine dēfīxum); third conjugation

  1. I stick or thrust (a weapon)
  2. I fix, plant or embed
    Synonyms: collocō, loco, statuō, pōnō, fīgō, cōnstituō, impōnō, sisto
  3. I attach or fasten, affix
    Synonyms: colligō, adalligō, cōnfīgō, cōnserō, dēligō, ligō, illigō, alligō, nectō, cōnectō, fīgō, vinculō, dēstinō
    Antonyms: explicō, absolvō, dissolvō, solvō
  4. I bewitch or enchant (by sticking pins in a model)
  5. I focus (eyes or thoughts)
  6. I dumbfound or astonish, stupefy
    Synonyms: attonō, astupeō, admīror, mīror, obstupēscō, stupēscō, stupeō
  7. I fix with a glance

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of dēfīgō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēfīgō dēfīgis dēfīgit dēfīgimus dēfīgitis dēfīgunt
imperfect dēfīgēbam dēfīgēbās dēfīgēbat dēfīgēbāmus dēfīgēbātis dēfīgēbant
future dēfīgam dēfīgēs dēfīget dēfīgēmus dēfīgētis dēfīgent
perfect dēfīxī dēfīxistī dēfīxit dēfīximus dēfīxistis dēfīxērunt,
dēfīxēre
pluperfect dēfīxeram dēfīxerās dēfīxerat dēfīxerāmus dēfīxerātis dēfīxerant
future perfect dēfīxerō dēfīxeris dēfīxerit dēfīxerimus dēfīxeritis dēfīxerint
passive present dēfīgor dēfīgeris,
dēfīgere
dēfīgitur dēfīgimur dēfīgiminī dēfīguntur
imperfect dēfīgēbar dēfīgēbāris,
dēfīgēbāre
dēfīgēbātur dēfīgēbāmur dēfīgēbāminī dēfīgēbantur
future dēfīgar dēfīgēris,
dēfīgēre
dēfīgētur dēfīgēmur dēfīgēminī dēfīgentur
perfect dēfīxus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēfīxus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēfīxus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēfīgam dēfīgās dēfīgat dēfīgāmus dēfīgātis dēfīgant
imperfect dēfīgerem dēfīgerēs dēfīgeret dēfīgerēmus dēfīgerētis dēfīgerent
perfect dēfīxerim dēfīxerīs dēfīxerit dēfīxerīmus dēfīxerītis dēfīxerint
pluperfect dēfīxissem dēfīxissēs dēfīxisset dēfīxissēmus dēfīxissētis dēfīxissent
passive present dēfīgar dēfīgāris,
dēfīgāre
dēfīgātur dēfīgāmur dēfīgāminī dēfīgantur
imperfect dēfīgerer dēfīgerēris,
dēfīgerēre
dēfīgerētur dēfīgerēmur dēfīgerēminī dēfīgerentur
perfect dēfīxus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēfīxus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēfīge dēfīgite
future dēfīgitō dēfīgitō dēfīgitōte dēfīguntō
passive present dēfīgere dēfīgiminī
future dēfīgitor dēfīgitor dēfīguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēfīgere dēfīxisse dēfīxūrum esse dēfīgī dēfīxum esse dēfīxum īrī
participles dēfīgēns dēfīxūrus dēfīxus dēfīgendus,
dēfīgundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dēfīgendī dēfīgendō dēfīgendum dēfīgendō dēfīxum dēfīxū

ReferencesEdit

  • defigo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • defigo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • defigo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fix all one's thoughts on an object: mentem in aliqua re defigere
    • to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: omnes curas in rei publicae salute defigere (Phil. 14. 5. 13)
    • to plunge a dagger, knife in some one's heart: sicam, cultrum in corde alicuius defigere (Liv. 1. 58)