disk

Contents

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek δίσκος ‎(dískos, a circular plate suited for hurling), from δικεῖν ‎(dikeîn, to hurl, to launch).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

disk ‎(plural disks)

  1. A thin, flat, circular plate or similar object.
    A coin is a disk of metal.
  2. (figuratively) Something resembling a disk.
    Venus' disk cut off light from the Sun.
  3. (anatomy) An intervertebral disc.
  4. (dated) A vinyl phonograph/gramophone record.
    Turn the disk over, after it has finished.
  5. (computing) A floppy disk - removable magnetic medium or a hard disk - fixed, persistent digital storage.
    He still uses floppy disks from 1979.
  6. (computing, nonstandard) A disc - either a CD-ROM, an audio CD, a DVD or similar removable storage medium.
    She burned some disks yesterday to back up her computer.
  7. (agriculture) A harrow.
  8. (botany) A ring- or cup-shaped enlargement of the flower receptacle or ovary that bears nectar or, less commonly, the stamens.

Usage notesEdit

In International English, disk is the correct spelling for magnetic disks. If the medium is optical, the variant disc is usually preferred, although computing is a peculiar field for the term. For instance hard disk and other disk drives are always thus spelled, yet so are terms like compact discs. Thus, if referring to a physical drive or older media (3" or 5.25" diskettes) the k is used, but c is used for newer (optical based) media.

Less commonly, in British English, disc has been used for magnetic disks, as in floppy disc and discette.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

disk ‎(third-person singular simple present disks, present participle disking, simple past and past participle disked)

  1. (agriculture) to harrow
    • 1916, Various, Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916[1]:
      That is alkali. Mr. Kochendorfer: I have a ten-year apple orchard that I disked last year and kept it tolerably clean this spring.
    • 1948, Various, Northern Nut Growers Association Incorporated 39th Annual Report[2]:
      The next year I plowed and disked the patch of ground and planted potatoes.
    • 1991 September 6, Jerry Sullivan, “Field & Street”, in Chicago Reader[3]:
      The soil is plowed and disked and then seeded with a mixture of prairie plants.

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

disk m

  1. disc, disk (thin, flat, circular plate or similar object)
    hod diskem

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • disk in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • disk in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

disk

  1. indefinite accusative singular of diskur

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse diskr.

NounEdit

disk m ‎(definite singular disken, indefinite plural disker, definite plural diskene)

  1. a counter (in a shop etc.)

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse diskr.

NounEdit

disk m ‎(definite singular disken, indefinite plural diskar, definite plural diskane)

  1. a counter (in a shop etc.)

ReferencesEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *diskaz, whence also Old English disc, Old Norse diskr

NounEdit

disk m

  1. plate

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse diskr, from Proto-Germanic *diskaz.

NounEdit

disk c

  1. counter; table on which business is transacted
  2. washing-up
  3. dirty dishes
  4. (anatomy) disc
  5. disk drive

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of disk 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative disk disken diskar diskarna
Genitive disks diskens diskars diskarnas

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

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