dolphin

See also: Dolphin

EnglishEdit

 
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A bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
 
The dolphin as usually depicted in heraldry

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English dolfin, from Old French daulphin, dalphin, daufin, from Latin delphīnus, from Ancient Greek δελφίς (delphís), from δελφύς (delphús, womb). Compare Swedish delfin. Doublet of dauphin. Displaced native mereswine (dolphin or porpoise), from Old English mereswīn (literally sea pig).

NounEdit

dolphin (plural dolphins)

  1. A carnivorous aquatic mammal in one of several families of order Cetacea, famed for its intelligence and occasional willingness to approach humans.
    Synonyms: mereswine, sea goose, sea pig
  2. A fish, the mahi-mahi or dorado, Coryphaena hippurus, with a dorsal fin that runs the length of the body, also known for iridescent coloration.
  3. (heraldry) A depiction of a fish, with a broad indented fin, usually embowed.
  4. The dauphin, eldest son of the kings of France.
  5. (historical) A mass of iron or lead hung from the yardarm, in readiness to be dropped through the deck and the hull of an enemy's vessel to sink it.
  6. (nautical) A kind of wreath or strap of plaited cordage.
  7. (nautical) A spar or buoy held by an anchor and furnished with a ring to which ships may fasten their cables[1].
  8. (nautical) A mooring post on a wharf or beach.
  9. (nautical) (Can we verify(+) this sense?) A permanent fender around a heavy boat just below the gunwale.
    • 1868, Stephen Bleecker Luce, Seamanship, page 28:
      The Dolphin is now seldom used, but a rope treated in the same manner, with mousings raised on it at regular intervals, is sometimes put around a Launch, just below the gunwale outside and secured there as a sort of permanent fender; this also is called a Dolphin.
  10. (nautical) A permanent fender designed to protect a structure from the impact of large floating objects such as ice or floating logs.
    • 1844, The Technical Educator, an encyclopædia, page 107:
      At each end of the piers in the water, in cases where several rows of pile are driven, a sort of cutwater should be formed, in order to ward off heavy bodies, such as floating trees, ice, etc. and prevent them from injuring the superstructure (called in German constructions, "Eisbrecher," or ice-breaker). This is usually done by driving one pile by itself in advance of the rest, or by forming what is called a "dolphin" at each end of the pier.
    • 1852, William Tierney Clark, An Account, with illustrations, of the Suspension Bridge across the River Danube, uniting Pesth with Buda and the adjacent country, in the Kingdom of Hungary, etc, page 37:
      An ice-breaker or dolphin was also constructed during the latter part of the autumn, a little above the site for No. 2 dam, or that for the twoer nearest the Pesth shore; this dolphin, which served as a protection against the ice, rafts, &c. was constructed at this time, so that a means might be afforded of judging of the actual force of the ice during the winter ensuing; and the event proved that its construction was most fortunate, as the winter of 1840-41 was unusually severe.
    • 1852, The Congressional Globe: Volume 32, page xxx:
      For a dolphin or buoy to be placed on the south point of Goat Island, in the harbor of Newport, one hundred and fifty dollars.
    • 1860 March 31, “Victoria Bridge”, in American Railroad Journal, volume 16, number 13:
      Sometimes a stoppage would take place owing to the accumulation of ice between the Dolphin and the dam, which kept that above back until a mass of ice more resembling an island than anything else it can be compared to, would force the whole mass before it, breaking up the large blocks accumulated at the dam into a thousand pieces.
  11. (military, obsolete) One of the handles above the trunnions by which a gun was lifted.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for dolphin in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Dolphin structures in Germany.

Ultimately from 3rd Duke of Alba (duc-d'Albe in French), who was the first to build this type of structure in the Spanish Netherlands in the 16th century. Possibly from Dutch dukdalf, or the plural dukdalven, through elision of the initial duk-.

NounEdit

dolphin (plural dolphins)

  1. (nautical) A man-made semi submerged maritime structure, usually installed to provide a fixed structure for temporary mooring, to prevent ships from drifting to shallow water or to serve as base for navigational aids.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • dolphin at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • dolphin in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  1. ^ 1841, Richard Henry Dana Jr., The Seaman's Friend

AnagramsEdit