evidence

See also: évidence

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English evidence, from Old French [Term?], from Latin evidentia (clearness, in Late Latin a proof), from evidens (clear, evident); see evident.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛvɪdəns/, /ˈɛvədəns/
  • (US) IPA(key): [ˈɛvəɾɪns]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ev‧i‧dence

NounEdit

evidence (usually uncountable, plural evidences)

  1. Facts or observations presented in support of an assertion.
    • 1748, David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
      In our reasonings concerning matter of fact, there are all imaginable degrees of assurance, from the highest certainty to the lowest species of moral evidence. A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence.
    • 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 18:
      We find material evidences of magical practices in the European caves of the Palæolithic age[.]
    • 2012 March 1, Brian Hayes, “Pixels or Perish”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 106:
      Drawings and pictures are more than mere ornaments in scientific discourse. Blackboard sketches, geological maps, diagrams of molecular structure, astronomical photographs, MRI images, the many varieties of statistical charts and graphs: These pictorial devices are indispensable tools for presenting evidence, for explaining a theory, for telling a story.
    There is no evidence that anyone was here earlier.
    We have enough cold hard evidence in that presentation which will make a world of pain for our parasitic friends at Antarctica.
  2. (law) Anything admitted by a court to prove or disprove alleged matters of fact in a trial.
    • 2004 April 15, “Morning swoop in hunt for Jodi's killer”, in The Scotsman:
      For Lothian and Borders Police, the early-morning raid had come at the end one of biggest investigations carried out by the force, which had originally presented a dossier of evidence on the murder of Jodi Jones to the Edinburgh procurator-fiscal, William Gallagher, on 25 November last year.
  3. One who bears witness.
  4. A body of objectively verifiable facts that are positively indicative of, and/or exclusively concordant with, that one conclusion over any other.

Usage notesEdit

  • Adjectives often used with the term "evidence": documentary, physical, empirical, scientific, material, circumstantial, anectodal, objective, strong, weak, conclusive, hard

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

evidence (third-person singular simple present evidences, present participle evidencing, simple past and past participle evidenced)

  1. (transitive) To provide evidence for, or suggest the truth of.
    She was furious, as evidenced by her slamming the door.
    • 1962 October, Brian Haresnape, “Focus on B.R. passenger stations”, in Modern Railways, pages 250-251:
      Elegant brick and stone buildings, with iron and glass canopies and decorative wooden scalloping and fencing—all evidencing care on the part of the architect to produce a pleasing, well-planned building—were submerged beneath a profusion of ill-conceived additions and camouflaged by vulgar paint schemes; and the original conception was lost.

Usage notesEdit

  • To be distinguished from evince.

TranslationsEdit

QuotationsEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

evidence f

  1. records

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

evidence f (plural evidences)

  1. evidence

DescendantsEdit

  • French: évidence