See also: GAR, gár, gär, går, gar-, ġar, and Gar

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English gar, gare, gere, gore, from Old English gār (spear, dart, javelin, shaft, arrow, weapon, arms), from Proto-West Germanic *gaiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *gaizaz (spear, pike, javelin), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰoysós (pointed stick, spear), from *ǵʰey- (to drive, move, fling).

Cognate with West Frisian gear, Dutch geer (pointed weapon, spear), German Ger (spear), Norwegian geir (spear), Icelandic geir (spear). Related to gore.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gar (plural gars)

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (obsolete) A spear.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of garfish.

NounEdit

gar (plural gars)

  1. (especially US, Canada) Any of several North American fish of the family Lepisosteidae that have long, narrow jaws.
  2. (especially UK, Ireland) A garfish, Belone belone.
Usage notesEdit
  • The European species was the original gar, and the North American gars were named after it, with other common names also shared between the two. In modern usage an attempt has been made to restrict "gar" to the North American fish and "garfish" to the European ones, but both names can be found for both types. Context can help: the North American gars are freshwater fish of a very primitive type, while the European gars are saltwater fish known for their green bones and their association with mackerel in folklore.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English garren, gerren, from Old Norse gera, gerva (Swedish göra, Danish gøre), from Proto-Germanic *garwijaną. Compare yare; but also Old Cornish gorra (put, place, set).

VerbEdit

gar (third-person singular simple present gars, present participle garring, simple past and past participle gart)

  1. (now chiefly UK dialectal) To make, compel (someone to do something); to cause (something to be done). [14th–19th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX:
      I shall firste begyn at Sandwyche, and there I shall go in my shearte, barefoote, and at every ten myles ende I shall founde and gar make an house of religious, of what order that ye woll assygne me [...].
    • 1885, Sir Richard Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night, Night 15:
      Time gars me tremble. Ah, how sore the baulk! / While Time in pride of strength cloth ever stalk [...].

AnagramsEdit


BasqueEdit

NounEdit

gar inan

  1. blaze

BretonEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Breton garr, from Proto-Brythonic *garr, from Proto-Celtic *garros.

NounEdit

gar f (plural garoù)

  1. leg

MutationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

gar

  1. Soft mutation of kar.

MutationEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gare (inflected garw-), from Old High German garo, from Proto-West Germanic *garu, from Proto-Germanic *garwaz.

Cognate with Dutch gaar, archaic English yare (keen, lively, eager). Related with gerben.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gar (strong nominative masculine singular garer, not comparable)

  1. cooked, done (of food such as meat or vegetables: ready for consumption)
  2. (of a metal) refined

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

gar

  1. (chiefly in the negative) at all; even
    Synonym: überhaupt
    Sie hat gar kein Geld.
    She has no money at all.
    Er ist gar nicht gekommen.
    He didn't even show up. / He didn't show up at all.
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 25/2010, page 80:
      Ein Verbot sollte es nach Ansicht vieler Ökonomen auch für die sogenannten Leerverkäufe geben. Banken verkaufen dabei Aktien oder Währungen, die sie noch gar nicht besitzen oder allenfalls geliehen haben.
      In the opinion of many economists, there should also exist a prohibition for the so-called short sales. In these, banks sell shares or currencies that they do not own at all yet or have borrowed at best.
  2. (chiefly formal or literary) even; expressing a climax
    Synonyms: sogar, selbst, geradezu
    Ist er ein Dieb? Ein Räuber? Oder gar ein Mörder?
    Is he a thief? A robber? Or even a murderer?
  3. (chiefly formal or literary, with zu) all
    Synonym: all, usually spelt allzu
    Wenn er gar zu frech wird, geben Sie ihm eine kräftige Ohrfeige.
    If he becomes all too impertinent, give him a sturdy slap.
  4. (Austria, Switzerland, otherwise archaic, poetic) very; quite; really
    Synonyms: ganz, recht, sehr, ziemlich; see also Thesaurus:sehr
    Das war gar frech von dir!
    That was quite impertinent of you!
    • 1845, Heinrich Hoffmann, Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug (Struwwelpeter):
      Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug
      The Very Sad Tale with the Matches

Derived termsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gar (short; near). See Middle Irish gerr (short).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gar (genitive singular masculine gair, genitive singular feminine gaire, plural gara, comparative gaire)

  1. near
  2. (of time) short
  3. (literary) convenient; easy, likely
  4. near, mean, stingy

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • gar- (near, close; approximate)

NounEdit

gar m (genitive singular gair, nominative plural garanna)

  1. nearness, proximity
  2. convenience, service; turn, favor

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gar ghar ngar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrepositionEdit

gar (with accusative)

  1. along

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

gar

  1. Alternative form of gare

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *gaiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *gaizaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰoysós (pointed stick, spear).

Cognate with Old Frisian gēr, Old Saxon gēr, Old High German gēr, Old Norse geirr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gār m

  1. (poetic) spear, arrow, dart

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: gor, gar, gare, gær

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Singular of gary, which is an alteration of *garki, a non-standard form of garnki, plural of garnek.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gar m inan

  1. (colloquial) Augmentative of garnek

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gar in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gar in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SalarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *kār. Compare to Shor қар, Kazakh қар (qar), Kyrgyz кар (kar), Southern Altai кар (kar), Azerbaijani qar, Turkish kar.

NounEdit

gar (3rd person possessive {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. snow

ReferencesEdit

Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “qar”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow: Nauka


ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English garren, gerren, from Old Norse gera, gǫrva, gørva (Swedish göra, Danish gøre), from Proto-Germanic *garwijaną. Compare English yare.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gar (simple past and past participle gart or gert)

  1. to make (somebody or something do something)
    Whit gars ye say that?What makes you say that?

Related termsEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronounEdit

gar

  1. us (direct object)
    Cò a bhios gar cuideachadh?Who will help us?
Usage notesEdit
  • Adds the prefix n- to the following word if it begins with a vowel:
    Cha robh i gar n-ainmeachadh.She didn't mention us.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish gorim, from Proto-Celtic *gʷrenso-,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrenso- (warm), from *gʷʰer- (warm, hot); see also Old Irish grís (heat (of the sun), fire, embers), Sanskrit घ्रंस (ghraṃsa, heat of the sun), Latin formus (warm), Ancient Greek θερμός (thermós), English warm.[2]

VerbEdit

gar (past ghar, future garaidh, verbal noun garadh, past participle garte)

  1. warm
    a' garadh an làmhan ris an teinewarming their hands at the fire
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gar”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, §§ 92 iii, 95 iii (1)

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish غار(gar), from French gare.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡaɾ/, [ɡaɾ̞̊]

NounEdit

gar (definite accusative garı, plural garlar)

  1. station (railway)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

TurkmenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *kār.

NounEdit

gar (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. snow

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gar

  1. Soft mutation of car.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
car gar nghar char
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West TaranganEdit

NounEdit

gar

  1. water

Further readingEdit

  • Richard J. Nivens, A Lexical Phonology of West Tarangan, in Phonological Studies in Four Languages of Maluku (1992, edited by Donald A. Burquest, Wyn D. Laidig)
  • Richard J. Nivens, Borrowing Versus Code-switching in West Tarangan (Indonesia) (2002)
  • E. Wattimury, A. Haulussy, J. Pentry, Sintaksis bahasa Tarangan (1995), page 48

WestrobothnianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑːr/ (example of pronunciation)
    Rhymes: -óːr

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse í gær, í gjár.

NounEdit

gar

  1. Yesterday (only used in the adverbial form i gar.)
    i gar-o mårjan / i går óm móran
    yesterday morning
    i gar-o äfta
    yesterday evening

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

gar m

  1. Skin-furrow (about the grain of a hide.)
  2. Growth rings in wood.
DeclensionEdit