English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Clipping of garfish.

Noun edit

gar (plural gars)

  1. (especially US, Canada) Any of several North American fish of the family Lepisosteidae that have long, narrow jaws.
  2. (especially UK, Ireland) A garfish, Belone belone.
Usage notes edit
  • The European species was the original gar, and the North American gars were named after it, with other common names also shared between the two. In modern usage an attempt has been made to restrict "gar" to the North American fish and "garfish" to the European ones, but both names can be found for both types. Context can help: the North American gars are freshwater fish of a very primitive type, while the European gars are saltwater fish known for their green bones and their association with mackerel in folklore.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English garren, gerren, from Old Norse gera, gerva (Swedish göra, Danish gøre), from Proto-Germanic *garwijaną. Compare yare; but also Old Cornish gorra (put, place, set).

Verb edit

gar (third-person singular simple present gars, present participle garring, simple past and past participle gart)

  1. (now chiefly UK dialectal) To make, compel (someone to do something); to cause (something to be done). [14th–19th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX:
      I shall firste begyn at Sandwyche, and there I shall go in my shearte, barefoote, and at every ten myles ende I shall founde and gar make an house of religious, of what order that ye woll assygne me [...].
    • 1885, Sir Richard Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night, Night 15:
      Time gars me tremble. Ah, how sore the baulk! / While Time in pride of strength cloth ever stalk [...].

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Basque edit

Noun edit

gar inan

  1. blaze

Breton edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Breton garr, from Proto-Brythonic *garr, from Proto-Celtic *garros.

Noun edit

gar f (plural garoù)

  1. leg

Mutation edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

gar

  1. Soft mutation of kar.

Mutation edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German gare (inflected garw-), from Old High German garo, from Proto-West Germanic *garu, from Proto-Germanic *garwaz.

Cognate with Dutch gaar, archaic English yare (keen, lively, eager). Related to gerben.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gar (strong nominative masculine singular garer, not comparable)

  1. cooked, done (of food such as meat or vegetables: ready for consumption)
  2. (of a metal) refined

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

gar

  1. (chiefly in the negative) at all; even
    Synonym: überhaupt
    Sie hat gar kein Geld.
    She has no money at all.
    Er ist gar nicht gekommen.
    He didn't even show up. / He didn't show up at all.
    • 2010, Der Spiegel[1], number 25/2010, page 80:
      Ein Verbot sollte es nach Ansicht vieler Ökonomen auch für die sogenannten Leerverkäufe geben. Banken verkaufen dabei Aktien oder Währungen, die sie noch gar nicht besitzen oder allenfalls geliehen haben.
      In the opinion of many economists, there should also exist a prohibition for the so-called short sales. In these, banks sell shares or currencies that they do not own at all yet or have borrowed at best.
  2. (chiefly formal or literary) even; expressing a climax
    Synonyms: sogar, selbst, geradezu
    Ist er ein Dieb? Ein Räuber? Oder gar ein Mörder?
    Is he a thief? A robber? Or even a murderer?
  3. (chiefly formal or literary, with zu) all
    Synonym: all, usually spelt allzu
    Wenn er gar zu frech wird, geben Sie ihm eine kräftige Ohrfeige.
    If he becomes all too impertinent, give him a sturdy slap.
  4. (Austria, Switzerland, otherwise archaic, poetic) very; quite; really
    Synonyms: ganz, recht, sehr, ziemlich; see also Thesaurus:sehr
    Das war gar frech von dir!
    That was quite impertinent of you!
    • 1845, Heinrich Hoffmann, Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug (Struwwelpeter):
      Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug
      The Very Sad Tale with the Matches

Derived terms edit

Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish gar (short; near). See Middle Irish gerr (short).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gar (genitive singular masculine gair, genitive singular feminine gaire, plural gara, comparative gaire or neasa)

  1. near
  2. short (of time)
  3. (literary) convenient; easy, likely
  4. near, mean, stingy

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

  • gar- (near, close; approximate)

Noun edit

gar m (genitive singular gair, nominative plural garanna)

  1. nearness, proximity
  2. convenience, service; turn, favor

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gar ghar ngar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition edit

gar (with accusative)

  1. along

Middle English edit

Noun edit

gar

  1. Alternative form of gare

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gaiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *gaizaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰoysós (pointed stick, spear).

Cognate with Old Frisian gēr, Old Saxon gēr, Old High German gēr, Old Norse geirr.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gār m

  1. (poetic) spear, arrow, dart

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: gor, gar, gare, gær

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Back-formation from gary, which is an alteration of *garki, a non-standard form of garnki, plural of garnek, from Proto-Slavic *gъrnъ.

Noun edit

gar m inan

  1. (colloquial) Augmentative of garnek
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

gar f

  1. genitive plural of gara

Further reading edit

  • gar in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gar in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Salar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *kār. Compare to Shor қар, Kazakh қар (qar), Kyrgyz кар (kar), Southern Altai кар (kar), Azerbaijani qar, Turkish kar.

Noun edit

gar (3rd person possessive [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. snow

References edit

Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “qar”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow

Scots edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English garren, gerren, from Old Norse gera, gǫrva, gørva (Swedish göra, Danish gøre), from Proto-Germanic *garwijaną. Compare English yare.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gar (simple past and past participle gart or gert)

  1. to make (somebody or something do something)
    Whit gars ye say that?What makes you say that?

Related terms edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronoun edit

gar

  1. us (direct object)
    Cò a bhios gar cuideachadh?Who will help us?
Usage notes edit
  • Adds the prefix n- to the following word if it begins with a vowel:
    Cha robh i gar n-ainmeachadh.She didn't mention us.
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish gorim, from Proto-Celtic *gʷrenso-,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrenso- (warm), from *gʷʰer- (warm, hot); see also Old Irish grís (heat (of the sun), fire, embers), Sanskrit घ्रंस (ghraṃsa, heat of the sun), Latin formus (warm), Ancient Greek θερμός (thermós), English warm.[2]

Verb edit

gar (past ghar, future garaidh, verbal noun garadh, past participle garte)

  1. warm
    a' garadh an làmhan ris an teinewarming their hands at the fire
Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gar”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, §§ 92 iii, 95 iii (1)

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishغار(gar), from French gare.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡaɾ/, [ɡaɾ̞̊]

Noun edit

gar (definite accusative garı, plural garlar)

  1. station (railway)

Related terms edit

References edit

  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

Turkmen edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *kār.

Noun edit

gar (definite accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. snow

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gar

  1. Soft mutation of car.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
car gar nghar char
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Tarangan edit

Noun edit

gar

  1. water

Further reading edit

  • Richard J. Nivens, A Lexical Phonology of West Tarangan, in Phonological Studies in Four Languages of Maluku (1992, edited by Donald A. Burquest, Wyn D. Laidig)
  • Richard J. Nivens, Borrowing Versus Code-switching in West Tarangan (Indonesia) (2002)
  • E. Wattimury, A. Haulussy, J. Pentry, Sintaksis bahasa Tarangan (1995), page 48