kivi

EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Finnish kivi, Hungarian .

NounEdit

kivi ‎(genitive kivi, partitive kivi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. (slang) cannabis

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

(index ki)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, From Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Hungarian .

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkiʋi]
  • Rhymes: -iʋi
  • Hyphenation: ki‧vi

NounEdit

kivi

  1. stone
  2. Any piece of stone which is larger than a grain of sand.
  3. A rock as a relatively small mass of stone projecting out of ground.
  4. boulder
  5. A general term for solid, mineral-based construction materials, such as brick, concrete or natural stone.
  6. (nautical, informal) An underwater rock which may be dangerous for seafarers.
  7. short form of jalokivi; rock, jewel
    Tässä kellossa on 17 kiveä.
    This clockwork is made with 17 jewels.
    Katso tuota kiveä hänen sormessaan!
    Look at that rock in her finger!

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of kivi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation)
nominative kivi kivet
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
illative kiveen kiviin
singular plural
nominative kivi kivet
accusative nom. kivi kivet
gen. kiven
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
inessive kivessä kivissä
elative kivestä kivistä
illative kiveen kiviin
adessive kivellä kivillä
ablative kiveltä kiviltä
allative kivelle kiville
essive kivenä kivinä
translative kiveksi kiviksi
instructive kivin
abessive kivettä kivittä
comitative kivineen

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

A large mass of stone projecting out of ground is called kallio. Also, if the stone mass is known or assumed to be part of bedrock, it's called kallio, even if the visible part is small. Similarly, if a large stone mass is known not to be part of bedrock, it may be called kivi or lohkare.


KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Finnish kivi, Hungarian .

NounEdit

kivi ‎(genitive kiven, partitive kivie)

  1. stone

LatvianEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Kivi (1) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Kivi (1)
Wikipedia-logo.png
 Kivi (2) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Kivi (2)

EtymologyEdit

Via other European languages, ultimately a borrowing from Maori kiwi, originally an onomatopoeic imitation of the bird's call. Originally the name of the bird, the English word kiwi soon became a term for people and things from New Zealand, and was thus also used, initially as a brand name, for the fruit, which is also from New Zealand.

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

kivi m (invariable)

  1. kiwi bird (a flightless bird (genus Apteryx) found only in New Zealand)
    kivi dzimtakiwi family (Apterygidae)
    kivi ir putni, kas dzīvo tikai Jaunzēlandē — the kiwi are birds that live only in New Zealand
  2. kiwi fruit (a Chinese gooseberry vine fruit of the genus Actinidia with hairy brown skin and dark green flesh)
    kivi ir subtropu auglis ar brūnu, pūkainu mizu un zaļu mīkstumu — the kiwi is a subtropical fruit with brown, hairy skin and green flesh
    kivi pēc formas atgādina olu — the kiwi is shaped like an egg

See alsoEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Maori kiwi

NounEdit

kivi m ‎(definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kivier, definite plural kiviene)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Maori kiwi

NounEdit

kivi m ‎(definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kiviar, definite plural kiviane)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

kivi m ‎(Cyrillic spelling киви)

  1. kiwi fruit

TurkishEdit

NounEdit

kivi ‎(definite accusative kivii, plural kiviler)

  1. kiwi (animal)
  2. kiwi fruit

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

NounEdit

kivi ‎(genitive singular kiven, partitive singular kived, partitive plural kivid)

  1. stone, rock

InflectionEdit

Inflection of kivi
singular plural
nominative kivi kived
accusative kiven kived
genitive kiven kividen
partitive kived kivid
inessive kives kiviš
illative kivehe kivihe
elative kivespäi kivišpäi
adessive kivel kivil
allative kivele kivile
ablative kivelpäi kivilpäi
approximative I kivenno kividenno
approximative II kivennoks kividennoks
egressive kivennopäi kividennopäi
terminative I kivehesai kivihesai
terminative II kivelesai kivilesai
terminative III kivessai
additive I kivehepäi kivihepäi
additive II kivelepäi kivilepäi
essive-instructive kiven kivin
translative kiveks kivikš
abessive kiveta kivita
comitative kivenke kividenke
prolative kivedme kividme

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "камень" in Uz' venä-vepsläine vajehnik/Новый русско-вепсский словарь ‎(Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ), Nina G. Zaiceva, Maria I. Mullonen, 2007.

VõroEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

NounEdit

kivi ‎(genitive kivi, partitive kivvi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. mill

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

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