EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin crīmen (verdict; adultery; crime). Doublet of crime.

NounEdit

crimen (uncountable)

 
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  1. (religion) An impediment to marriage in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, preventing the marriage of people who had murdered an existing spouse in order to remarry (even without committing adultery).

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kreimen, from Proto-Indo-European *kréymn̥, from *krey- (sieve) + *-mn̥, equivalent to cernō (sieve) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix). Compare also Ancient Greek κρῖμα (krîma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

crīmen n (genitive crīminis); third declension

  1. A judicial decision, verdict, or judgment.
  2. An object of reproach, invective.
  3. An object representing a crime.
  4. A cause of a crime; criminal.
  5. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
  6. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.
  7. (in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative crīmen crīmina
Genitive crīminis crīminum
Dative crīminī crīminibus
Accusative crīmen crīmina
Ablative crīmine crīminibus
Vocative crīmen crīmina

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: krim
  • Aromanian: crimã
  • Catalan: crim
  • Old French: crime
  • Norman: crînme
  • Italian: crimine
  • Portuguese: crime
  • Romanian: crimă
  • Romansch: crim
  • Spanish: crimen

ReferencesEdit

  • crimen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crimen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crimen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reproach a person with..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vertere
    • to refute charges: crimina diluere, dissolvere
    • to reproach, blame a person for..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vitio vertere (Verr. 5. 50)
  • crimen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crimen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime)[1], from Proto-Italic *kreimen, from Proto-Indo-European *kréymn̥, from *krey- (sieve) + *-mn̥.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɾimen/, [ˈkɾimẽn]
  • Hyphenation: cri‧men

NounEdit

crimen m (plural crímenes)

  1. violent crime (for non-violent crimes use delito)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit