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EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈluːn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English louen, lowen (rascal; rogue), probably of Middle Dutch or Middle Low German origin. Compare Dutch loen (simpleton). Or, related to sense 2, due to the bird's loud cry.[1] Folk etymology associates it slang-wise with lunatic, though the latter may have influenced it; see loony.

NounEdit

loon (plural loons)

  1. An idler, a lout.
  2. (chiefly Scotland, Ulster) A boy, a lad.
  3. (chiefly Scotland) A harlot; mistress.
  4. (chiefly Scotland) A simpleton.
  5. (slang) A crazy or deranged person.
  6. (Ireland, historical) An English soldier of an expeditionary army in Ireland.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Common loon with chick

Of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse lómr (loon), ultimately imitative of the bird's cry, particularly when it's in danger. Distantly related to lament, probably sharing Proto-Indo-European *leh₂- (expressive root).

NounEdit

loon (plural loons)

  1. (US, Canada) Any of various birds, of the order Gaviiformes, of North America and Europe that dive for fish and have a short tail, webbed feet and a yodeling cry.
    • 1634, William Wood, New Englands Prospect, I:
      The Loone is an ill ſhap'd thing like a Cormorant; but that he can neyther goe nor flye […].
SynonymsEdit
  • (bird of order Gaviiformes): diver
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch loon, from Middle Dutch loon, from Old Dutch lōn.

NounEdit

loon (plural lone, diminutive loontjie)

  1. wage

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch loon, from Old Dutch lōn.

NounEdit

loon n (plural lonen, diminutive loontje n)

  1. wage, pay, reward
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

loon

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lonen
  2. imperative of lonen

IngrianEdit

PostpositionEdit

loon

  1. at

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *lōn, from Proto-Germanic *launaz.

NounEdit

lôon m or n

  1. wage, payment for services or work
  2. reward
  3. value
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Dative plural of .

NounEdit

lôon ?

  1. Borgloon (a city)
  2. Loon (a county)
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • loon (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • loon (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • loon”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

ScotsEdit

NounEdit

loon (plural loons)

  1. (Doric) boy, young man