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LatvianEdit

 
Mazgāt veļu

EtymologyEdit

Originally the iterative form of an unattested verb *mazgt or mezgt, from Proto-Baltic *mazg-, from the o-grade form *mozg- of Proto-Indo-European *mezg- (to immerse). From the parallel stem *mask- some authors derive the word Moscow (Latvian Maskava). Cognates include Lithuanian mazgóti, Russian dialectal могза (mogza, blood), Polish mazgać to smear, Sanskrit मज्जति (májjati, to drown), Latin mergō (to immerse, to plunge) (< *mezgō).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

mazgāt tr. or intr., 2nd conj., pres. mazgāju, mazgā, mazgā, past mazgāju

  1. to wash (to clean something with water or with other liquid means)
    mazgāt seju, rokas, mutito wash (one's) face, hands, mouth
    mazgāt veļuto wash (one's) clothes, to do (one's) laundry
    mazgāt grīdu ar lupatuto wash the floor with a rag
    mazgāt traukus karstā ūdenīto wash the dishes in hot water
    roka roku mazgā, abas baltasa hand washes another, both white
    mazgāt rokus nevainībāto refuse blame (lit. to wash (one's) hands in innocence)
  2. to clean dirt off something with water or with other liquid means}}
    mazgāt dubļus no zābakiemto wash the mud off (one's) boots
  3. (animals) to wash by licking
    suns mazgā ķeputhe dog licked (lit. washed) its paw
    kaķis tūliņ sāka lakt tasītē pienu, pēc tam nosēdās plānā zemē un mazgāja sev mutithe cat immediately began to lick the cup of milk, then sat down on the flat ground and licked (lit. washed) his mouth
  4. (figuratively, of streams, flowing water, liquids) to wash (over), to flow (over)
    lietus mazgā namu jumtusthe rain washed the roofs of the houses
    ūdens strūkla mazgā putekļusthe water spray washed the dirt away
    Daugavas viļņi mazgā krastmalas granītuthe waves of the Daugava river washed the granite shores
    Ramona atver logu un izliecas ārā: silts pavasara lietiņš mazgā asfaltu, zālāju, apstādījumusRamona opens the window and leans out: a warm spring rain washes the asphalt, the grass, the grenery

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mazgāt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7